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Properties of Moulding Sand

Properties of Moulding Sand

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Published by Nilesh Bhandari

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Published by: Nilesh Bhandari on Nov 27, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/08/2013

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BY ±NILESH BHANDARI
 
 A large variety of moulding materials is used in foundries for manufacturingmoulds and cores. They include moulding sand, system sand or backingsand, facing sand, parting sand, and core sand. The choice of mouldingmaterials is based on their processing properties. The basic requirement of moulding sand is that it should produce sound castings free from defects.The properties that are generally required in moulding materials are:
PERMEABILITY
DRY STRENGTH
GREEN STRENGTH
HOT STRENGTH
FLOWABILITY
REFRACTORINESS
COLLAPSIBILTY
ADHESIVENESS
COHESIVENESS
FINENESS
BENCH LIFE
COEFFICIENT OF EXPANSION AND DURABILITY
 
During pouring and subsequentsolidification of a casting, a largeamount of gases and steam is generated.These gases are those that have beenabsorbed by the metal during melting, air absorbedfrom the atmosphere and the steam generated by themoulding and core sand. If these gases are not allowedto escape from the mould, they would be entrappedinside the casting and cause casting defects. Toovercome this problem the moulding material must beporous. Proper venting of the mould also helps inescaping the gases that are generated inside themould cavity.

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