RELEVANCE OF BIOLOGICAL COMPUTERS INBIOINFORMATICS
INTRODUCTION:The biological computer is an implantable devicethat is mainly used for tasks like monitoring the body’sactivities or inducing therapeutic effects, all at the molecular orcellular level. It is the smallest biological computing device.The biological computer is made up of RNA (Ribonucleic Acid – an important part in the synthesis of protein from aminoacids), DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid- nucleic acid moleculethat contains the important genetic information that is used bythe body for the construction of cells; it’s the blue print for allliving organisms and proteins.In 2001, a group of Israel scientists created aprototype biological computer-with enzymes as the“hardware” and DNA as the “software”- that may somedaytravel around a human body for the detection and /ortreatment of disease. This computer is able to runapproximately on billion operations per second with 99.8%accuracy. Astonishingly, one billion of these biologicalcomputers could fit inside a drop of water! This computer wassuccessfully programmed to identify- in a test tube- changes inthe balance of molecules in a body that indicate the presence of certain cancers, to diagnose the type of cancer, and to react byproducing a drug molecule to fight the cancer cells.A lot of research works are going in this emerging field.One day in the future, they hope to create a “doctor in a cell”,which will be able to operate inside a living body, spot diseaseand apply the necessary treatment before external symptomseven appear.