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2.8
recommends
that subsidies for activities contributing toclimate change be abolished;2.9
supports and reiterates
the Council proposal to settargets for the post-2012 period; like the Council, it considersthat for developed countries, it would be appropriate to setreduction targets of between 15 % and 30 % by 2020 in rela-tion to the reference values established by the Kyoto Protocol;beyond this date, it recommends that values should be set inline with the spirit of the conclusions adopted by the Environ-ment Council (60 % to 80 % by 2050);2.10
proposes
that the thematic strategy for the urbanenvironment create incentives for combating climate change;2.11
recommends
that the cost/benefit analysis of limitingtemperature increases to 2
o
C should be studied/researched ingreater detail; the concentration of greenhouse gases requiredto achieve the objective of 2°C and the costs associated withsuch a reduction must be established more precisely;2.12
suggests
that towns continue to sign up to the LA21process, and focus more on implementing this type of strategy.Brussels, 12 October 2005.The Presidentof the Committee of the Regions
Peter STRAUB
Opinion of the Committee of the Regions Communication from the Commission to the Counciland the European Parliament The 2005 Review of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy:Initial Stocktaking and Future Orientations
(2006/C 81/08)
THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS,
Having regard to
the Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliamenton
The 2005 Review of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy: Initial Stocktaking and Future Orientations
,COM(2005) 37 final;
Having regard to
the decision of the European Commission on 9 February 2005 to consult it on thissubject, under Article 265(1) of the Treaty establishing the European Community;
Having regard to
the decision taken by its Bureau on 12 April 2005 to instruct the Commission forSustainable Development to draw up the opinion on the subject;
Having regard to
the Communication from the Commission on
A Sustainable Europe for a Better World: AEuropean Union Strategy for Sustainable Development (Commission's proposal to the Gothenburg European Council)
,COM(2001)264 final;
Having regard to
the
Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, theCouncil, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on
Towards a global partnership for sustainable development
, COM(2002) 82 final;Having regard to
the Communication from the Commission of 15 January 2002 to the Spring EuropeanCouncil in Barcelona on 15 and 16 March 2002, at which a new impetus was given to the strategy,adopted two years earlier at the Lisbon summit (COM(2002) 14), to make Europe the world's mostdynamic, competitive and sustainable knowledge-based economy;
Having regard to
the exploratory opinion from the European Economic and Social Committee adoptedon 28 April 2004, NAT/229 — CESE 661/2004;
Having regard to
the Declaration on Guiding Principles for Sustainable Development from the EuropeanCouncil on 16 and 17 June 2005;4.4.2006C 81/28 Official Journal of the European Union
EN
 
Having regard to
its opinion on the Communication on Towards a thematic strategy on the sustainableuse of natural resources, COM(2003) 572 final — CdR 11/2004 fin (
1
));
Having regard to
its opinion of 14 November 2001 on the Commission Communication entitled
Tenyears after Rio: Preparing for the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002
, (COM(2001) 53) —CdR 37/2001 fin (
2
);
Having regard to
its opinion of 15 June 2000 on the Proposal for a Decision of the European Parliamentand of the Council on a Community framework for cooperation to promote sustainable urban develop-ment, (COM(1999) 557 final — 1999/0233 (COD)) — CdR 134/2000 fin (
3
);
Having regard to
its opinion of 17 February on the Communication from the Commission to theCouncil, the European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regionson Directions towards sustainable agriculture, (COM(1999) 22 final) — CdR 183/1999 fin (
4
);
Having regard to
its opinion on the Communication from the Commission on
Trade and Development
Assisting developing countries to benefit from trade
(COM(2002) 513 final) — CdR 100/2003 fin (
5
);
Having regard to
its opinion on the Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of theCouncil on
Services in the internal market
(COM(2004) 2 final-2004/0001 (COD) — CdR 154/2004 fin (
6
);
Having regard to
its draft opinion (CdR 66/2005 rev. 1) adopted on 28 June 2005 by its Commission forsustainable development (rapporteur: Ms Mona-Lisa Norrman, Member of Jämtland County Council, (SE/PES));Whereas
1)
Local and regional authorities are the decision-making and executive level which is closest to EU citi-zens. The measures needed to bring about sustainable development must be devised, accepted,implemented and monitored in dialogue with European Union citizens.
2)
In the EU's 25 Member States it is the local and regional level where the practical coordinationbetween different policy sectors must take place. Similarly, it is at local and regional level that EUcohesion policy is put into practice.
3)
It is through the combined impact of measures implemented locally and regionally, both within theEU and globally, that the unsustainable trends that we see today can be reversed. The appropriateslogan is: Think globally, act locally.
adopted the following opinion unanimously at its 61st plenary session of 12 and 13 October 2005(meeting of 12 October):
1.
The Committee of the Regions' views
General remarks
The Committee of the Regions1.1
welcomes
the Commission Communication on thereview of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy, whichprovides an initial assessment of the progress made andoutlines a number of future orientations;1.2
stresses
that not enough progress has been made sincethe Sustainable Development Strategy was adopted in Gothen-burg in 2001;
agrees
with the Commission that the focus mustnow be on a proactive approach towards sustainable develop-ment and concrete action on the ground;1.3
points out
that a three-dimensional approach tosustainable development, embracing economic, ecological andsocial aspects, is a precondition for growth, more and betterjobs, increased welfare and a cleaner and healthier environ-ment;1.4
emphasises
the importance of integrating and high-lighting sustainable development in all areas of EU policy. It isimportant that cohesion policy supports the economic as wellas the ecological and social dimensions and that due regard ispaid to the long-term effects of policy. Equally, the future Euro-pean Policy on Development and policy on Africa shouldensure consistent support for sustainable development in inter-national activities;4.4.2006 C 81/29Official Journal of the European Union
EN(
1
) OJ C 121, 30.4.2004, p. 47(
2
) OJ C 107, 3.5.2002, p. 9(
3
) OJ C 317, 6.11.2000, p. 33(
4
) OJ C 156, 6.6.2000, p. 40(
5
) OJ C 23, 27.1.2004, p. 8(
6
) OJ C 43, 18.2.2005, p. 18
 
International trade
1.5
stresses
that the Lisbon Strategy is the basis for theEU's response to the impact of globalisations on competition,economy and labour force in Europe, but this should alsoreflect the impacts on sustainable development in Europe andinternationally. The method to access sustainable developmentwhich is currently used, with regard to different internationalagreements, needs to be developed in order to better reflect theeffect of globalization on public services and sustainable devel-opment at the local and regional level;
Dialogue and cooperation
1.6
stresses
the importance of effective dialogue with civilsociety. To this end the messages emanating from the Commis-sion need to be consistent and well coordinated, and thestrategy should be monitored and translated into concreteaction;
The local and regional perspective
1.7
would particularly highlight
the role and responsi-bility of local and regional authorities in achieving sustainabledevelopment. All government levels should collaborate todetermine and implement the changes necessary to achieve asustainable society through strong leadership;
Focus on citizens
1.8
stresses
the importance of ensuring that efforts topromote sustainable development are geared to the needs andcircumstances of EU citizens, in order to win their support.Local and regional authorities have an important role in thisdialogue, and the Commission should support these effortsadministratively and financially by:— developing consultation arrangements and creating naturalforums for dialogue and exchange of experiences;— supporting local and regional development projects, bothwithin the EU and globally;— increasing knowledge and awareness in the EU of the needfor joint action to achieve a sustainable society;
Public health, security and equality
1.9
emphasises
that public health, in the broad sense, is akey requirement for achieving sustainable development;1.10
points out
that security is a prerequisite for a goodquality of life, and together with a broad public health perspec-tive, lies at the heart of efforts to promote sustainable develop-ment;1.11
highlight
also the need to incorporate an equal oppor-tunities' perspective in initiatives to promote sustainable devel-opment;
Environmentally-driven businesses and green jobs
1.12
endorses
the Commission's view that our futurequality of life will depend on our production and consumptionpatterns. We need to decouple economic growth from environ-mental degradation, through education and information on thehealth and environmental impact of goods and services. Envir-onmental requirements in public procurement procedures alsohave an important part to play in changing production andconsumption patterns;1.13
underlines
the need for measures to support thedevelopment of environmentally-driven businesses, especially SMEs. Research-intensive companies in the environmental tech-nology sector should be specifically targeted for support in thecontext of the current proposal for the Seventh FrameworkProgramme for Research, Technological Development andDemonstration (FP7);
Objectives, measures and monitoring
1.14
supports
the Commission's plan to set clear objectives,targets and related deadlines. This will make it possible tomonitor, measure and report on the progress made;1.15
stresses
the need for active measures and concreteaction to promote sustainable development. The forthcomingaction programme must also include tools for implementingand monitoring the various measures and include local andregional authorities as key partners in drawing up the actionprogramme;
Instruments for implementing sustainable development
1.16
stresses
the importance of devising new instrumentsand improving existing ones. This is necessary so that themeasures needed to promote sustainable development can beimplemented, evaluated and monitored. The following instru-ments should be developed and adapted so as to make an effec-tive contribution towards achieving sustainable development:— Environmental management systemsThe EU's Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) shouldbe improved and adapted to sustainable development issuesand needs. An environmental management system should bedeveloped, including economic, ecological and social concerns.— Public procurementIncluding environmental requirements in public procurementcontracts is a powerful tool for encouraging changes in produc-tion and consumption patterns in society. It should be furtherstrengthened by, for example, highlighting the possibility of taking into account the environmental benefits of locallproduced goods and services. Public procurement currently accounts for 15 % of the EU's GDP, or around EUR 1,000billion.4.4.2006C 81/30 Official Journal of the European Union
EN

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