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A. Berkman,E.Goldman-Sacco and Vanzetti

A. Berkman,E.Goldman-Sacco and Vanzetti

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Published by Adi Petre

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Published by: Adi Petre on Nov 28, 2010
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Alexander Berkman and Emma Goldman
Sacco and Vanzetti
1929T A L
e names of the “good shoe-maker and poor fish-peddler” have ceased to representmerely two Italian workingmen. roughout the civilised world Sacco and Vanzei havebecome a symbol, the shibboleth of Justice crushed by Might. at is the great historic signif-icance of this twentieth century crucifixion, and truly prophetic, were the words of Vanzeiwhen he declared, “e last moment belongs to us — that agony is our triumph.”We hear a great deal of progress and by that people usually mean improvements of vari-ous kinds, mostly life-saving discoveries and labor-saving inventions, or reforms in the socialand political life. ese may or may not represent a real advance because reform is not nec-essarily progress.It is an entirely false and vicious conception that civilisation consists of meanical or po-litical anges. Even the greatest improvements do not, in themselves, indicate real progress:they merely symbolise its results. True civilization, real progress consists in
mankind, in making the world a decent place to live in. From this viewpoint we are very farfrom being civilised, in spite of all the reforms and improvements.True progress is a struggle against the inhumanity of our social existence, against thebarbarity of dominant conceptions. In other words, progress is a spiritual struggle, a struggleto free man from his brutish inheritance, from the fear and cruelty of his primitive condition.Breakingtheshalesofignoranceandsuperstition; liberatingmanfromthegripofenslavingideas and practices; driving darkness out of his mind and terror out of his heart; raising himfrom his abject posture to man’s full stature — that is the mission of progress. Only thus doesman, individually and collectively, become truly civilised and our social life more humanand worth while.
struggle marks the real history of progress. Its heroes are not the Napoleons andthe Bismars, not the generals and politicians. Its path is lined with the unmarked graves of the Saccos and Vanzeis of humanity, doed with the auto-da-fé, the torture ambers, thegallows and the electric air. To those martyrs of justice and liberty we owe what lile of real progress and civilization we have today.e anniversary of our comrades’ death is therefore by no means an occasion for mourn-ing. On the contrary, we should rejoice that in this time of debasement and degradation, inthe hysteria of conquest and gain, there are still
that dare defy the dominant spirit andraise their voices against inhumanity and reaction: at there are still men who keep thespark of reason and liberty alive and have the courage to die, and die triumphantly, for theirdaring.For Sacco and Vanzei died, as the entire world knows today, because they were Anar-ists. at is to say, because they believed and preaed human brotherhood and freedom.As su, they could expect neither justice nor humanity. For the Masters of Life can forgiveany offense or crime but never an aempt to undermine their security on the bas of themasses. erefore Sacco and Vanzei had to die, notwithstanding the protests of the entireworld.Yet Vanzei was right when he declared that his execution was his greatest triumph,for all through history it has been the martyrs of progress that have ultimately triumphed.Where are the Caesars and Torquemadas of yesterday? Who remembers the names of the2
 judges who condemned Giordano Bruno and John Brown? e Parsons and the Ferrers, theSaccos and Vanzeis live eternal and their spirits still mar on.Let no despair enter our hearts over the graves of Sacco and Vanzei. e duty we owethem for the crime we have commied in permiing their death is to keep their memorygreen and the banner of their Anarist ideal high. And let no near-sighted pessimist confuseand confound the true facts of man’s history, of his rise to greater manhood and liberty.In the long struggle from darkness to light, in the age-old fight for greater freedom andwelfare,itistherebel,themartyrwhohaswon. Slaveryhasgivenway,absolutismiscrushed,feudalism and serfdom had to go, thrones have been broken and republics established in theirstead. Inevitably, the martyrs and their ideas have triumphed, in spite of gallows and electricairs. Inevitably, the people, the masses, have been gaining on their masters, till now thevery citadels of Might, Capital and the State, are being endangered. Russia has shown thedirection of the further progress by its aempt to eliminate both the economic and politicalmaster. atinitialexperimenthasfailed,asallfirstgreatsocialrevaluationsrequirerepeatedefforts for their realisation. But that magnificent historic failure is like unto the martyrdomof Sacco and Vanzei — the symbol and guarantee of ultimate triumph.Let it be clearly remembered, however, that the failure of 
aempts at fundamentalsocial ange is always due to the false method of trying to establish the
meansand practices. e
can conquer only
by means of its own new spirit 
. Tyranny lives bysuppression; Liberty thrives on freedom. e fatal mistake of the great Russian Revolutionwas that it tried to establish
forms of social and economic life on the
foundationof coercion and force. e entire development of human society has been
from coer-cion and government, away from authority towards greater freedom and independence. Inthat struggle the spirit of liberty has ultimately won out. In the same direction lies furtheraievement. All history proves it and Russia is the most convincing recent demonstrationof it. Let us then learn that lesson and be inspired to greater efforts in behalf of a new worldof humanity and freedom, and may the triumphant martyrdom of Sacco and Vanzei giveus greater strength and endurance in this superb struggle.France: July, 1929.3

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