Afluid exerts pressure in all directions. At any point in a fluid at rest, thepressure is the same in all direction.The force due to the fluid pressurealways acts perpendicular to anysurface it is in contact with.
The pressure in a liquid is due to theweight of the column of the liquidabove it.P=
is the density of the liquid,h is the depth.
A fluid element is the smallest volume of a fluidwhich follows the flow.Each fluid element follows the overall drift of thefluid motion.
Aflowline is the pathwhich an individualfluid element describes.