Appropriate involvement of SMEs through concretemeasures and specific actions for their benefit should besupported under this specific programme, in complemen-tarity with other Community programmes.
As provided for under Article 170 of the Treaty, theCommunity has concluded a number of internationalagreements in the field of research and efforts should bemade to strengthen international research cooperation witha view to further integrating the Community into theworld-wide research community. Therefore, this specificprogramme should be open to the participation of countries having concluded agreements to this effect andshould also be open on the project level, and on the basis of mutual benefit, to the participation of entities from thirdcountries and of international organisations for scientificcooperation.
Research activities carried out within this programmeshould respect fundamental ethical principles, includingthose which are reflected in the Charter of FundamentalRights of the European Union.
The implementation of the Framework Programme shouldcontribute towards promoting sustainable development.
Sound financial management of the Framework Pro-gramme and its implementation should be ensured in themost effective and user-friendly manner possible, whileensuring legal certainty and the accessibility of theprogramme for all participants, in compliance with CouncilRegulation (EC, Euratom) No 1605/2002 of 25 June 2002on the Financial Regulation applicable to the general budgetof the European Communities (
) and Commission Regula-tion (EC, Euratom) 2342/2002 (
) laying down detailedrules for the implementation of that Financial Regulationand any future amendments.
proportionate to the EuropeanCommunities' financial interests
should be taken tomonitor both the effectiveness of the financial supportgranted and the effectiveness of the utilisation of thesefunds in order to prevent irregularities and fraud and thenecessary steps should be taken to recover funds lost,wrongly paid or incorrectly used in accordance withCouncil Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 2988/95 of 18December 1995 on the protection of the EuropeanCommunities' financial interests (
), Council Regulation(Euratom, EC) No 2185/96 of 11 November 1996concerning on-the-spot checks and inspections carriedout by the Commission in order to protect the EuropeanCommunities' financial interests against fraud and other irregularities (
) and Regulation (EC) No 1073/1999 of theEuropean Parliament and of the Council of 25 May 1999concerning investigations conducted by the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) (
Since the measures necessary for the implementation of this Decision are essentially management measures, they should therefore be adopted by the management procedureprovided for in Article 4 of Council Decision 1999/468/ECof 28 June 1999, laying down the procedures for theexercise of implementing powers conferred on theCommission (
). On the other hand, research involvingthe use of human embryos and human embryonic stemcells raises specific ethical issues, as described in Article 4 of this Decision. Moreover, RTD actions involving researchunder the
theme represent a new and very sensitive area, in particular with regard to potential threatsand security incidents. Therefore, measures for the finan-cing of such projects should be adopted by the regulatory procedure provided for in Article 5 of Decision 1999/468/EC.
Each thematic area should have its own budget line in thegeneral budget of the European Communities.
In the implementation of this programme adequateattention needs to be paid to gender mainstreaming, aswell as to,
, working conditions, transparency of recruitment processes, and career development as regardsthe researchers recruited on projects and programmesfunded under the actions of this programme, for which theCommission Recommendation of 11 March 2005 on theEuropean Charter for Researchers and on a Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers (
) offers areference framework, while respecting its voluntary nature,
HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:
The specific programme
for Community activitiesin the area of research and technological development, includingdemonstration activities, hereinafter the
, ishereby adopted for the period from 1 January 2007 to 31December 2013.
The specific programme shall support the activities for cooperation supporting the whole range of research actionscarried out in trans-national cooperation in the followingthematic areas:(a) Health;(b) Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, Biotechnology;(c) Information and communication technologies;22.2.2007ENOfficial Journal of the European Union L 54/31
) OJ L 248, 16.9.2002, p. 1.(
) OJ L 357, 31.12.2002, p. 1. Regulation as last amended by Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1248/2006 (OJ L 227, 19.8.2006,p. 3).(
) OJ L 312, 23.12.1995, p. 1.(
) OJ L 292, 15.11.1996, p. 2.(
) OJ L 136, 31.5.1999, p. 1.(
) OJ L 184, 17.7.1999, p. 23. Decision as amended by Decision 2006/512/EC (OJ L 200, 22.7.2006, p. 11).(
) OJ L 75, 22.3.2005, p. 67.