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Constant Bitrate

Constant Bitrate

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Published by vishal

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Published by: vishal on Aug 02, 2008
Copyright:Public Domain


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Constant bitrate
(CBR) is a term used intelecommunications,relating to the quality of service. Compare with variable bit rate. When referring to codecs,constant bit rate encoding means that the rate at which a codec's output data should be consumed is constant. CBR is useful for streaming multimedia content on limited capacitychannels since it is the maximum bit rate that matters, not the average, so CBR would be used to takeadvantage of all of the capacity. CBR would not be the optimal choice for storage as it would not allocateenough data for complex sections (resulting in degraded quality) while wasting data on simple sections.The problem of not allocating enough data for complex sections could be solved by choosing a high bitrate(eg, 256 kbit/s or 320 kbit/s) to ensure that there will be enough bits for the entire encoding process, thoughthe size of the file at the end would be proportionally larger.Most coding schemes such asHuffman coding or run-length encoding produce variable-length codes, making perfect CBR difficult to achieve. This is partly solved by varying the quantization (quality), andfully solved by the use of padding. (However, CBR is implied in a simple scheme like reducing all 16-bitaudio samples to 8-bits.)
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