ATTITUDES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARDS THE USE OFINFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHINGAND LEARNING BIOLOGYINTRODUCTIONBackground
Information and communications technology has become an essential aspect of everyone’s daily life with almost every sector advocating for the use of ICT toaccomplish its tasks on every inch of this planet. Nevertheless, some people would stillask themselves, “What is ICT?” There are various definitions of ICT according todifferent people and organizations.According to the ITAA, “Information Technology is the study, design, development,implementation, support or management of a computer-based “Information System” particularly software applications and computer hardware.” Recently the term has been broadened to explicitly integrate the aspect of “Electronic Communication” so that people prefer to abbreviate it as ICT.A broader definition of ICT is the combination of informatics technology with other,related technologies specifically communication technology (UNESCO, 2002). Thisdefinition of ICT consists of three subunits that have been collapsed into a singledefinition and they include; Informatics, Informatics Technology and Communicationtechnology. UNESCO defines
as the science dealing with the design,realization, evaluation, use, and maintenance of information processing systems,including hardware, software, organizational and human aspects, and the industrial,commercial, governmental and political implications of these. It is a term derived fromcomputing science.
is the technological application of informaticsin the society. Hence the definition of ICT implies that ICT will be used, applied andintegrated in activities of working and learning on the conceptual on the basis of