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Greek Language, Hellenic glossa
Greek Language, Hellenic glossa

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Adam (Makis) Krassanakis on Nov 28, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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By A. G. KRASSANAKIS Translation in English
Mechanisms, rules, parts of speech,history etc of Greek Language
_Greek language is the mosteasiest and perfect in the world_Greek language and Greek script(writing, grammars) is base of allEuropean (English, German etc)languages and scripts (writings)
960 – 85089 – 2 - 5
Greek Language, by Adam
1. The language and the words
 Language is said (called) the total of words that with concrete rules of changes and combinations between them (with concrete syntax rules andinclination rules) a population is using in order to understand or to express. It isthe tool of expression or the way with which the persons understand betweenthem (each other) and reveal the feelings and the thought them.Word is said (called) the smallest intellectual piece that is a sentenceelement hence an element of speech. It is an organized sounding mark (sign)which express a certain meaning of a sentence, according to its certain elements(root, subject, ending etc) or a part of speech (noun, adjective, pronoun etc. I.e.Proposition (sentence): I am tailor = Εγώ είμαι ράπτης (Greek)Words: I (= pronoun), am (verb), tailor (noun),Εγώ (= noun), είμαι (= verb), ράπτης (= noun). The meaning of words depends on their part of speech and their type(gender, number, case or person) as well as on their kind of simple derivation orcomposition. Their meaning, therefore, is regulated by the relationship of theircomponents (prefix, root or them, ending or accent in case of simple word and a’ + b’ components in the case of compound (composite) words. I.e.:
: γράφ-ω, γραφ-ή, συν-γραφ-έας, καλ-ός,ή,οί..English: write, writ-ing, writ-er, good, good-s.. 
(Greek alphabet and his pronouncingsee in end of this book.)
Note:1) The meaning of a monosyllabic word or a words without constituentelements concern on what position (place) they are put in a sentence or on witchword is before them; namely if they are used as conjunctions or as proverbs i.e.:English: The love, of love & I love, you love, he love..Greek: Η μάνα μου μου είπε. Πως θα πας & Είπε πως θα πάμε.Some times the meaning of a word it depends on his tone (which syllable istoned or if it is with strong or soft tone), see in Greek: πότε & ποτέ, η & ή, ε & έ…2) In the syntax of speech the nouns’ meaning becomes also morespecialized by articles, adjectives and participles. i.e.:Greek: Πήρα γράμμα & Πήρα το γράμμα. Μικρό γράμμα & μεγάλο γράμμα.English: I took letter & I took the letter. Small letter & large letter 
2. The generation of Greek words
Greek Language, by Adam
The Greek words are formed (borne) by the Greeks, time to time, through:
a) Sound making
Sound made words are those made by the imitation of sounds in theenvironment i.e.: β... > βοώ, βόμβος, βόμβα... μπαμ μπουμ > μπαλωθιά,μπαρούτι, μπουμπουνητό, μπόμπα... τρ... > τρίβω, τρίζω, τρυπάνι... γαβ – γαβ> γαβγίζω.... (See in English: bomb, cry, …)
b) Derivation:
Derived wards are those who born from another, i.e.: κράτος > κρατικός,(See in English: govern > government, love > lovely…)
c) Composition (synthesis):
Compounded words are those who born from two or more others: δια +κράτος > δια- κρατικός, αστυ-φύλακας…(See in English: police-man, land-lord, Englishman….)
d) Falsification
Falsified words are those who born from other with phthongic alteration(which means addition, abstraction, transposition-removal or alternation) of asounding in an ancient word i.e.: χώρα (τόπου) & (χ)ώρα > ώρα (χρόνου), κόνις>(σ)κόνη, πυρία > (σ)πύρ(τ)α, σπόγγος > σφουγγάρι...(See in English: live (pronunciation “laiv”)> living (pronunciation “livink”),athlete > athleticism…)
e) Abusive derivation which means changing the:
a. Type (= the gender, the case and the number) of an ancient word, i.e.: αιΑθήναι>η Αθήνα, αι Θήβαι > η θήβα, ο έμπορος, > η έμπορος, ο σύζυγος > ησύζυγος.b. The part of speech (an adjective turned into a noun, for instance) of anancient word, i.e.: κεραμική, μηχανική (Here the words are adjectives) ... τέχνη> η κεραμική, η μηχανική (Here the words are nouns), Same: παράγωγος > οπαραγωγός, παράγωγη > η παραγωγή, ζεστή > η ζέστη,c. The typological ending (form) of an ancient word (let’s refer, for instance,the abolition of the third kind of ancient accidence – conjugation): λύσ-ις > λύσ-η, οντότ-ης > οντότ-ητα, Ελλά-ς > Ελλ-άδα, ρήτ-ωρ > ρήτ-ορας, κλητ-ήρ >κλητήρας….
3. The elements of words
Compound words
are constituted (formed) by the first (a’) and the second(b’) component, namely by their relative simple words. i.e.: συν-γράφω, παρ-ερμηνεύω, εξ-υπ-ακούγεται.. (As in English: under-standing,..)
Simple words
are constituted by the following elements: ending (derivativeand formative), subject (thema), root, epithema, prefix and accent. 
1. Ending
Ending is called the changeable final part of an inclinable word. The linguisticelement of the inclinable word stating what part of speech (noun, adjective,verb…) and what type (gender, number, case or person) is the significant part of the word. I.e. καλ-ός, καλ-οί, καλ-ή, καλ-ό, τέλ-ος, τελεί-α… (As in English: good& good-s, end > end-ing, end-ed…).Derivative endings are those by which we create words from other words(from subjects of other words). For instance, the following endings:-ινός: χθες > χθεσ-ινός,ή,ό, κοντά > κοντινός, μακρά > μακρινός, τώρα >τωρινός..-(ά)ζω: σχόλια > σχολιάζω, αγκαλιά > αγκαλιάζω,..,……………………………Formative or declination endings are those by which we create words from

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