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Pipeline

Pipeline

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Published by eferest74

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: eferest74 on Nov 29, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/14/2014

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REQUIREMENTSIN OIL AND GAS PIPELINE SYSTEM
 
Most common used in oil production facility design and similar tonational standards which exist in other parts of the world
1. ANSI B 31.1-Power Piping2.ANSI B 31.3-Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping3.ANSI B 31.4-Liquid Petroleum Transporting Piping System4.ANSI B 31.8-Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping System
 
`
T
he concept of hoop stress.
`
T
he Hoop stress in the pipe is considered a uniform stress over thethickness of the wall for a thin wall cylinder.
`
T
he force equilibrium equation can be expressed as :2
W
tL = P (do ±2t)Lwhere:
W
= hoop stress in the pipe wall, psit = pipe wall thickness, inP = internal pipe pressure, Psido = outside diameter of pipe, inL = pipe length, ft.
`
R
earranging and solving for required wall thickness the equationreduces to :when only considering hoop stress.
`
The standards build upon this formula.
)(2
 Pd 
o
!

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