(a) that is surplus, unwanted, rejected, discarded, abandoned or disposed o;(b) where the generator has no urther use o or the purposes o production, reprocessing orconsumption;(c) that must be treated or disposed o; or(d) that is identied as a waste by the Minister, but—(i) a by-product is not considered waste; and(ii) any portion o waste, once re-used, recycled and recovered, ceases to be waste.”Section 1 o the South Arican Environmental Conservation Act also provides or the ormulation o adenition o waste by regulation. This denition is:“An undesirable or superfuous by-product, emission, residue or remainder o any process or activity, anymatter, gaseous, liquid or solid or any combination thereo originating rom any residential, commercialor industrial area, which is discarded by any person, is accumulated and stored by any person with thepurpose o eventually discarding it with or without prior treatment connected with the discarding thereo,or which is stored by any person with the purpose o recycling, reusing or extracting a useable productrom such matter,” (Environment Conservation Act. 1989).Solid waste can be classied in two main categories. General waste and hazardous waste. General wastedoes not pose an immediate threat to the environment and includes household waste, garden reuse,builder’s rubble, some commercial and dry industrial wastes. Over time, however, these waste streamscan pose a threat and must be managed careully. Pressure, decomposition and inltration by waterproduces leachate (liquids which orm during the decomposition process) which may be hazardous tothe environment.Hazardous waste is any waste that may (or may not) be likely to cause danger to human health or tothe environment. This includes many chemicals, heavy metals, fammable wastes like petrol, diesel,thinners, nail polish, aerosols and alcohol. Other types o hazardous waste include batteries, most paints,corrosives like acid, drain and oven cleaners, bleach, rust removers, and pesticides.Medical and inectious waste which generally comes rom hospitals, clinics and biological research acilitiesare also classied as hazardous, and include inectious, pathological and chemical waste streams, heavymetals, pharmaceuticals, genotoxic, radioactive and any other waste that is classied as hazardous interms o the Minimum Requirements (Department o Water Aairs and Forestry. 1998).In terms o the National Waste Management Strategy all local authorities are required to develop anintegrated waste management plan and promote the prevention, minimization and recycling o waste interms o the revised waste hierarchy. The ollowing table rom the National Waste Management Strategiesand Action Plans or South Arica (DEAT. 1999), provides an overview o SA’s waste hierarchy.