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Installing TeX Live from a DVD: Notes

Installing TeX Live from a DVD: Notes

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Published by kalwisti
Notes on installing TeX Live (in a Linux environment) from a personal DVD.
Notes on installing TeX Live (in a Linux environment) from a personal DVD.

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Published by: kalwisti on Nov 29, 2010
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11/29/2010

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Installing TE X Live 2008, 2009 or 2010from DVD: Personal Notes
By 
kalwisti
Updated 28 Nov. 2010
Contents
1 Pre-Installation 2
1.1 Learn Your Optical Drive’s Designation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21.2 Unmount the DVD and Create a New Mount Point . . . . . . . 3
2 Installation 3
2.1 Using the Installers Text Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42.2 Alternate Method:Using the GUI Version of the TL Installer . . . . . . . . . . . . 42.3 Duration of Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52.3.1 TL 2009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62.3.2 TL 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
3 Finishing the Installation 64 Post-Installation Conguration 8
4.1 Setting the
PATH
Variable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84.1.1 A Few More Words about the
PATH
. . . . . . . . . . . 94.2 Font Conguration for XeTeX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
5 Testing the Installation 12
5.1 Environment Variables in General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
6 More on
bash
12
1
 
 Installing T  E  X Live from DVD: Notes
List of Figures
1 The TL Installers GUI mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
 Abstract
These are notes I made during my attempt(s) to install TE X Live(TL) from a DVD which I burned, using a TL
.iso
file downloadedfrom a CTAN mirror on the Internet. I installed TL on three differentLinux systems:
PCLinuxOS 2010 Phoenix Edition (Xfce 4.6.1 desktop)
CentOS 5.5 (GNOME 2.16.0 desktop)
Fedora 14 Xfce Spin (Xfce 4.6.2)
 Disclaimer
: Although there may be a few errors or inaccuracieshere, this procedure worked for me and it should be almost identicalon other Linux distributions, as TL’s installer takes a distro-neutral,“plain vanilla” approach. The revised edition of this document has ad-ditional tips which I received from helpful members of the L
 A 
TE X Com-munity Forum.
1
The instructions are not 100% complete, so I recommend that youread the TL documentation available on TUG’s website in conjunction with this document.
1 Pre-Installation
Clean up any previous TeX installations by completely removing them. By default, this would be in these two directories:
rm -rf /usr/local/texlive/2008rm -rf ~/.texlive2008
If you try to run the installation script from the DVD as-is, you will get a“Permission denied” error message.
2
By default, many distros mount DVDs with the
noexec
option, which prohibits executing binaries from the DVD.So the first step is to mount the DVD without the
noexec
option, i.e., withan
-o exec
option.
Comment
: You will notice that almost all the installation steps are done via the CLI (Command Line Interface) rather than a GUI (Graphical User
1
http://www.latex-community.org/forum/index.php
2
Permission denied at tlpkg/TeXLive/TLUtils.pm line 1045
.
2
 
 Installing T  E  X Live from DVD: Notes
Interface). Don’t worry ...I have included the necessary commands andif you type them carefully, you will not harm your system. In the case of the TL DVD, the CLI is faster and it allows the installer to be distro-neutral.Whereas in Distro X an operation may appear on a particular menu witha particular interface, while in Distro Y the same operation appears on a
different
menu, the CLI commands work identically in both distros.
1.1 Learn Your Optical Drive’s Designation
Before becoming root (/) user and unmounting the DVD, type the
mount
command from a Terminal/Konsole to see the DVD’s name and your opticaldrive’s designation. The example below is from my CentOS 5.5 setup:
[david@dhcppc2 ~]$ mount/dev/sda8 on / type ext3 (rw)[ . . .]/dev/sda9 on /home type ext3 (rw)[ . . .]/dev/hda on /media/TeXLive2009 type iso9660 (ro,noexec,nosuid,nodev,uid=500)
Notice that in the final line, the optical drive is designated as
/dev/hda
.(PCLinuxOS and Fedora, on the other hand, refer to this same SamsungCD/DVD drive as
/dev/sr0
).
1.2 Unmount the DVD and Create a New Mount Point
Now you can follow these steps:
Open up a Terminal/Konsole within your regular user account, issuethe command
su
and type root’s password to acquire root user privi-leges.
Unmount the TE X Live (TL) DVD:
# umount /media/TeXLive2009
 N.B.
: The command is
umount
(‘unmount’ without the first letter “n”).That pound sign (#) as the command prompt is your verification that you are logged in as the root user.
Create a new mount point for the DVD:
# mkdir /media/TL09
Type:
# mount -o exec /dev/hda /media/TL09
 A gloss of this command is:3

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