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Meeting 3, Attachments #9-15

Meeting 3, Attachments #9-15

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11/08/2011

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National Commission on the
BP DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL
AND OFFSHORE DRILLING
Attachment 9
Written Statement and Presentation of Dr. Terry Hazen
Senior Scientist, Head of the Ecology Department and DOE DistinguishedScientist, Earth Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
 
Terry HazenLawrence Berkeley National Lab
The biological effects and expected fate of the vast amount of oil in the Gulf of
Mexico from the Deepwater Horizon blowout are unknown due to the depthand magnitude of this event. Here, we report that the dispersed hydrocarbonplume stimulated deep-sea indigenous ~,- proteobacteria that are closelyrelated to known petroleum-degraders. Hydrocarbon-degrading genescoincided with the concentration of various oil contaminants. Changes inhydrocarbon composition with distance from the source and incubation
experiments with environmental isolates demonstrate faster then expected
hydrocarbon biodegradation rates at 5°C. Based on these results, the potentialexists for intrinsic bioremediation of the oil plume in the deep-water columnwithout substantial oxygen drawdown.

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