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Types of Sentences windy

Types of Sentences windy

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Published by: Cici Windy on Nov 30, 2010
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06/09/2011

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Types of Sentences
 Well written paragraphs contain a clear topic sentence, two to four statements thatsupport the topic sentence, and one to three detail/example sentences to explain andclarify each of the support sentences. Sometimes, a concluding sentence is used to re-emphasize the main point or to provide transition to the next paragraph. 
Topic Sentence
 
y
 
usually the first sentence in the paragraph 
y
 
states the main idea of the paragraph 
y
 
usually an opinion rather than a fact 
y
 
anchors the rest of the paragraph 
y
 
defines your job as a writer  
y
 
tells the reader what to expect Good topic sentences have two parts: 1.
 
The first part states the subject or topic.
(My senior year of high school . . . )
 2.
 
The second part expresses an attitude or says something about the topic.
( . . .was challenging.)
  Notice that this sentence
(My senior year of high school was challenging.)
does notstate a fact; rather, it states an
idea
which needs support. It leaves the writer withsomething to say; it leaves the reader wanting to know more (How? What were thechallenges?). Factual statements, on the other hand, do not make good topic sentences.If the sentence read, "
 I graduated from Wilson High School in 1995
," the writer wouldhave little more to say because that statement does not require support. The topic sentence should serve as an anchor for the rest of the paragraph. In theabove example, the writer should not stray from the idea of 
challenges
. It may betempting to throw in the fact that s/he was on the honor roll the entire year, but if itcan not be related to the topic sentence (perhaps by linking it because studying hardenough to keep good grades was a challenge), it should not be included in the paragraph. 
Support Sentences
 
y
 
 provide the main supporting points for the paragraph's main idea (topic sentence)
 
y
 
should be directly tied to the topic sentence
 
 
y
 
usually 2 - 4 in a paragraph
 
y
 
usually general claims
 
y
 
arranged in logical order 
 
y
 
should be proven using concrete, specific evidence
 
Support sentences must be directly linked to the topic sentence of the paragraph. When thesentences in a paragraph are not consistent with the main idea provided by the topic sentence, the paragraph lacks
unity
(one of those mysterious English-teacher words!). Every sentence in the paragraph should relate to the main idea.
 
Support sentences should be arranged in logical order and connected by transitions to provide
coherence
(that other one!). Arrangement of support sentences might be based onimportance (usually least to most), time (usually first to last), or even space (far to near, near tofar) -- just about anything, as long as it serves the writer's purpose. Transition words are oftenused improve coherence and to reinforce the order in which supporting points are presented.Sometimes writers use simple transitions such as these to connect support sentences:
 
y
 
"My first challenge at Wilson High School . . . "
 
y
 
"The second challenge I encountered . . . "
 
y
 
"My final challenge in high school . . . "
 
These sentences not only use transition words (
 first, second, final 
), but also repeat the keyword
challenge
. This repetition of key words helps the reader keep in mind the main idea of the paragraph.
 
Since support sentences can be somewhat general, they usually require the proof provided bydetail/example sentences.
 
D
etail/Example Sentences
 
y
 
directly tied to support sentences; indirectly tied to the topic sentence
 
y
 
usually 1 - 3 per support sentence
 
y
 
serve to prove support statements
 
y
 
specific: details, examples, explanations, facts, statistics
 
In the hierarchy among sentences in a well developed paragraph, detail/example sentences are atthe bottom. However, that does not mean they are the least important. In fact, detail/examplesentences, if you look back at the pyramid, are the very foundation of the paragraph -- afoundation upon which the support sentences and, ultimately, the topic sentence rest.
 
It is not enough to say,
 My first challenge at Wilson High School was studying enough to make good grades and stay on the honor roll.
 
This statement may support the main idea of the paragraph, but the statement still needs to be proven. How much was enough? Why was it achallenge? Can the writer give convincing details or examples to prove it?
 
 
Consider this example:
 
[topic sentence]
 
 My senior year of high school was challenging.
[support sentence]
My first challenge at Wilson High School was studying enough to make good grades and stay on thehonor roll.
 
[detail/example]
I often studied past midnight, even though I had to get up at 6:00a.m. to be ready in time to catch the school bus.
[detail/example]
When I was studying for mychemistry mid-term in Ms. Beasley's class, I never went to bed at all -- but I made an "A" onthe exam!
 
Although this paragraph is unfinished, you can see how important the details are to itsdevelopment. Without them, the supporting points do not really mean much; they do not seem asreal or immediate to the reader. Notice the use of names, specific times, and concrete details.You may have good ideas without providing the detail to support them, but your goal is toconvince your reader. Good use of details and examples will help you get your main idea across.
 
 NOTE: Many good paragraphs also have a
concluding sentence
to summarize and/or providetransition to the next paragraph. An example of a concluding sentence for the unfinished paragraph above might be
The challenges I encountered during my senior year in high school help to prepare me for college.
This lesson does not cover concluding sentences in detail because they are not crucial to a well developed body paragraph.
 You may want to return to the top of the page for review. If you have questions, feelfree to contact me.
 
After you have studied the instruction covering topic sentences, support sentences,and detail/example sentences, practice your skills by completing Activity 1. In many languages, the fundamental unit of composition is the paragraph. A paragraph consists of several sentences that are grouped together. This group of sentences together discuss one main subject. In U.S. formal academic English, paragraphs have three principal parts. These three parts are the topic sentence, bodysentences, and the concluding sentence. We will also talk briefly about details in paragraphs.
 
The Topic Sentence
 
A topic sentence usually comes at the beginning of a paragraph; that is, it is usuallythe first sentence in a formal academic paragraph. (Sometimes this is not true, but asyou practice writing with this online lesson site, please keep to this rule unless you are

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