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South Africa Household Energy and Health Overview

South Africa Household Energy and Health Overview

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Household Energy, Indoor Air Pollution and Health: Overview of Experiences and Lessons in South Africa
produced by Palmer Development Consulting Under the direction of Winrock International, 2004
Household Energy, Indoor Air Pollution and Health: Overview of Experiences and Lessons in South Africa
produced by Palmer Development Consulting Under the direction of Winrock International, 2004

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Sustainable Neighbourhoods Network on Nov 30, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/18/2012

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PARTNERSHIP FOR CLEAN INDOOR AIRHousehold Energy, Indoor Air Pollution and Health:Overview of Experiences and Lessons inSouth Africa
Prepared byPalmer Development ConsultingUnder the direction of 
October 2004
 
 
 
Submitted to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
 
Under the USEPA – Winrock Cooperative Agreement XA-83122601-0
Coordination and Implementation Support for the Partnership for Clean Indoor Air
The Partnership for Clean Indoor Air was launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in September 2002 to address the increased environmental health risk faced by more thantwo billion people who burn traditional biomass fuels indoors for cooking and heating. The Partnershipis led by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency with support from the U.S. Agency for International Development. The mission of the Partnership is to improve health, livelihood and quality of life byreducing exposure to air pollution, primarily among women and children, from household energy use.For more information please visit www.PCIAonline.org
 
© 2004 by the Clean Energy Group at Winrock International. This publication may be reproduced in its entirety foreducational and non-commercial use, and excerpts may be reproduced provided the title and publisher are credited.
i
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS.........................................................................................IV
 
I. REPORT HIGHLIGHTS...............................................................................................................1
 
II. INTRODUCTION.........................................................................................................................3
 
III. OVERVIEW OF HEALTH IN SOUTH AFRICA....................................................................6
 
P
RIMARY
H
EALTH
C
ARE
S
YSTEM
........................................................................................................6
 
I
NTEGRATED
M
ANAGEMENT OF
C
HILDHOOD
I
LLNESS
P
ROGRAMME
....................................................6
 
H
EALTH
P
OLICIES
...............................................................................................................................7
 
IV. HOUSEHOLD ENERGY, INDOOR AIR POLLUTION AND HEALTH IN SOUTHAFRICA........................................................................................................................................7
 
V. HOUSEHOLD ENERGY IN SOUTH AFRICA.........................................................................9
 
I
NTRODUCTION
....................................................................................................................................9
 
I
LLUMINATING
P
ARAFFIN
(IP).............................................................................................................9
 
L
IQUID
P
ETROLEUM
G
AS
(LPG)........................................................................................................11
 
C
OAL
................................................................................................................................................12
 
E
NERGY
P
OLICIES
.............................................................................................................................13
 
VI. KEY ACTORS AND STAKEHOLDERS IN HOUSEHOLD ENERGY AND HEALTH INSOUTH AFRICA.......................................................................................................................14
 
G
OVERNMENT
...................................................................................................................................14
 
 Department of Minerals and Energy (DME)...............................................................................
14
 
 Department of Housing................................................................................................................
15
 
 Department of Provincial and Local Government.......................................................................
15
 
Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)................................................................
15
 
 National Department of Health....................................................................................................
15
 
 District Health System.................................................................................................................
16
 
 Essential National Health Research............................................................................................
17
 
 Health Systems Trust....................................................................................................................
17
 
Centre for Health Policy..............................................................................................................
17
 
NGO
S
...............................................................................................................................................17
 
 Minerals and Energy Policy Centre (MEPC)..............................................................................
17
 
Sustainable Energy Society of Southern Africa (SESSA).............................................................
18
 
Sustainable Energy Africa (SEA).................................................................................................
18
 
 International Institute for Energy Efficiency and Conservation (IIEC)......................................
18
 
 Earthlife Africa............................................................................................................................
18
 
M
ULTILATERAL
I
NSTITUTIONS
..........................................................................................................19
 
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)................................................................................
19
 
World Health Organization (WHO).............................................................................................
19
 
VII. HOUSEHOLD ENERGY INTERVENTIONS AND STRATEGIES..................................20
 
C
LEAN
H
OUSEHOLD
E
NERGY
S
TRATEGY
..........................................................................................20
 
L
OW
-S
MOKE
F
UELS
P
ROGRAMME
.....................................................................................................20
 
B
ASA
N
JENGO
M
AGOGO
M
ETHOD
.....................................................................................................21
 
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