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Table Of Contents

1 INTRODUCTION Western Eastern
2.1.2 Broad and narrow conceptions of poetry Ambiguity Translation Prosody Structure
2.2.1 The word as symbol
2.2.2 Themes and their sources
2.2.3 The writer's personal involvement Style Objective-subjective expression
2.3.1 Folk and elite literatures
2.3.2 Modern popular literature
2.4.1 Social and economic conditions
2.4.2 National and group literature
2.4.3 The writer's position in society
2.4.4 Literature and the other arts
2.5.1 Epic
2.5.2 Lyric poetry
2.5.3 Satire
2.5.4 Prose fiction
2.5.5 Drama
2.5.6 Future developments
2.6.1 Scholarly research
2.6.2 Literary criticism
3.1.1 ATTEMPTS TO DEFINE POETRY Major differences Poetic diction and experience
3.1.4 POETRY AS A MODE OF THOUGHT: THE PROTEAN ENCOUNTER Scansion Meaning, pace, and sound Syllable-stress metres Strong-stress metres Syllabic metres Quantitative metres The personal element Influence of period and genre The Middle Ages The Renaissance The 18th century The 19th century The 20th century Non-Western theories Uses of the epic Verbal formulas
4.1.2 BASES In the ancient Middle East Eastern influences The heroic life The Latin epic Germanic epics Chansons de geste Arthurian Romance The epic in Japan The later written epic Allegory and myth Fable Parable Derivation of the terms Fable Parable Allegory Diversity of forms Diversity of media Allegory and cosmology Beast epic Influence of Jean de La Fontaine Parable Old Testament The Greeks Blending of rival systems: the Middle Ages Renaissance Modern period India China Japan Narrative basis Oral transmission Theories Technique and form Music Minstrel ballad Broadside ballad Literary ballads The supernatural Romantic tragedies Romantic comedies Crime Medieval romance Historical ballads Disaster Outlaws and badmen Occupational ballads
4.3.5 CHRONOLOGY Style and subject matter Developing psychological awareness Sources and parallels The marvellous The setting The matter of Britain Chrétien de Troyes The Tristan story The theme of separation and reunion Arthurian themes Structure The spread and popularity of romance literature The decline of romance The 18th-century romantic revival Translations Native historical accounts Kings' sagas Legendary sagas Sagas of Icelanders Plot Character Scene, or setting Narrative method and point of view Scope, or dimension Interpretation of life Entertainment or escape Propaganda Reportage Agent of change in language and thought Expression of the spirit of its age Creator of life-style and arbiter of taste Romanticism Realism Naturalism Impressionism Expressionism Avant-gardism Historical Picaresque Sentimental Gothic Psychological The novel of manners Epistolary Pastoral Apprenticeship Roman à clef Anti-novel Cult, or coterie, novels Detective, mystery, thriller Western The best-seller Fantasy and prophecy Proletarian Other types Romantic and Victorian novels The modern novel Irish and Scottish novels The United States The British Commonwealth Russian German French Spanish Italian Scandinavian languages Slavic and East European languages The Jewish novel China Japan India and East Asia Africa Latin America
4.7.1 ANALYSIS OF THE GENRE From Egypt to India The Greeks Proliferation of forms Refinement Spreading popularity Decline of short fiction The 19th century The "impressionist" story Respect for the story French writers Russian writers
4.7.3 THE 20TH CENTURY Common elements of drama Dramatic expression Dramatic structure East-West differences Greek origins Biblical plays Into the 16th and 17th centuries Drama in Eastern cultures Drama and communal belief Western theory Eastern theory The role of music and dance The arena stage The open stage The proscenium stage Audience expectations
5.1.4 THE RANGE OF DRAMATIC FORMS AND STYLES The human contradiction Comedy, satire, and romance Comedy as a rite The moral force of comedy Comedy and character The role of wit Baudelaire on the grotesque Bergson's and Meredith's theories The comic as a failure of self-knowledge Divine comedies in the West and East Old and New Comedy in ancient Greece Rise of realistic comedy in 17th-century England Sentimental comedy of the 17th and 18th centuries The comic outside the theatre 20th-century tragicomedy The absurd The visual arts Music Television and cinema Aeschylus: the first great tragedian Sophocles Euripides Later Greek drama The long hiatus Marlowe Shakespearean From comedy to tragedy Shakespeare's tragic art Decline in 17th-century England Corneille and Racine The English "heroic play." The eclipse of tragedy Dostoyevsky's The American tragic novel Tragic themes in Ibsen, Strindberg, and Chekhov American tragic dramatists Other serious drama Absence of tragedy in Oriental drama Loss of viability in the West Classical theories Elizabethan approaches Neoclassical theory Coleridge Schlegel Hegel Schopenhauer and Nietzsche Tragedy in music 20th-century critical theory Historical definitions Influence of Horace and Juvenal Structure of verse satire The satiric spirit Literature Drama Motion pictures and television Festivals Visual arts
6.2.1 NATURE Reality and imagination Style Author presence The descriptive mode Narrative Expository and argumentative modes Modern origins Journalism Entertainment Philosophy and politics
6.2.5 HISTORY Philosophers and thinkers Russian essayists American and French writers Theological writers Changing interpretations Modern times Reportage Aphorisms and sketches Dialogues Travel and epistolary literature Personal literature Historical Memoirs Formal autobiography Antiquity Middle Ages Renaissance 17th and 18th centuries 19th century 20th century Other literatures
6.4.1 FUNCTIONS Antiquity Medieval period The Renaissance Neoclassicism and its decline Romanticism The late 19th century The influence of science Criticism and knowledge
7.1.1 "Children."
7.1.2 "Literature."
7.2 THE CASE FOR A CHILDREN'S LITERATURE Overview Prehistory (early Middle Ages to 1712) From "T.W." to "Alice" (1712?-1865) Coming of age (1865-1945) Contemporary times Historical fiction Heritage and fairy tales War and beyond Sweden National and modern literature Norway Denmark Finland Overview
8.13 Parable:
8.14 Allegory:
8.15 (Pagan and Christian interpretation):
8.16 (Typology and typological symbolism):
8.17 (Medieval allegory):
8.18 (Renaissance and modern allegory):
8.19 Ballad
8.20 Romance
8.21 Saga
8.22 Novel
8.23 Short story
8.24 Dramatic literature
8.25 Comedy
8.26 Tragedy
8.27 Satire
8.28 Other genres
8.29 Biography
8.30 Anthologies:
8.31 Literary criticism
8.32 Children's literature
8.33 General:
8.34 Bibliographic:
8.35 Biographical:
8.36 Illustration:
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The Art of Literature

The Art of Literature

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Published by Tadesse Dame

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Published by: Tadesse Dame on Nov 30, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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