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Suctioning

Suctioning

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Published by tifanny_rose

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Published by: tifanny_rose on Nov 30, 2010
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05/12/2014

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Suctioning
 
What is suctioning?
 
Suctioning is removing mucus and fluidsfrom the nose, mouth, or back of the throatwith a bulb syringe or a catheter (thinflexible tube). 
Why does my child needsuctioning?
 
Suctioning is usually done when a child hasmucus or fluids that he or she is unable tocough up, which may block air passages. 
When do I need to suctionmy child?
 
a “gurgle” sound of secretions
hard time breathing
blue or gray color around eyes, mouth,fingernails, or toenails
you feel “rattling” on the child’s chest orback 
child seems anxious or restless, or criesand cannot be comforted
breathing rate or heart rate increases
nostrils flare (open wider when breathingin)
retracting (chest or neck skin pulls inwith each breath) 
How should I prepare my child?
 
 
Explain what you are going to do, usingwords your child can understand.  You mayhave to swaddle your child (wrap snugly in ablanket) to prevent wiggling while yousuction.
How do I suction my child?
 
Suctioning with a catheter
  1. Wash your hands. 2. Gather equipment:
water-soluble lubricant
suction catheter kit
suction machine
normal saline for lavage
sterile water 3. Turn on the suction machine. 4. Open the suction catheter kit, keepingeverything inside the kit sterile as youopen it. 5. Put some sterile water in the cup. 6. Using sterile technique, put on theglove(s).  Avoid touching anything thatis not sterile. 7. Pick up the suction catheter with your“suctioning hand” and the suction tubingwith your other hand.  Connect the twoends.8. Apply a water-soluble lubricant to theend of the suction catheter. 9. Keep your thumb
off 
the thumbportwhile you gently pass the catheter intothe nostril to the back of the throat.  Thismay or may not stimulate a cough.
If more than gentle pressure isneeded to put the catheter in, stopand take it out.  
 SuctioningPage 1 of 2 
 

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