The Revolution of Nuclear Technology in Nuclear Power Plants
A nuclear power plant is a part of the revolution in nuclear technology. While a nuclearreactor is a place where nuclear chain reactions begin or controlled and supported at fixed rate.Although, nuclear chain reactions also occur in a nuclear bomb, but the reaction occurs isuncontrolled till can cause death? However, nuclear reactors are mostly important to mankind for anenergy source for the generation of electric power. There are various types of nuclear reactors areused for power production. In spite of various types, the central part of a nuclear reactor is calledthe core. The core consists of fuel, moderator, and coolant. So, how do nuclear reactor works?Water is heated by the utility scale to produce steam, which is then converted to electricity. Of course, nuclear energy in the reactor is used to create heat that is produced by fusion andradioactive decay. When a neutron is absorb by a relatively large fissile atomic nucleus such asuranium-235, plutonium-239, or plutonium-241, the atomic nucleus likely to undergo nuclear fission.The nucleus will split into two lighter nuclei, which released fission products that are gammaradiation, kinetic energy, and free neutrons. Later, these neutrons would be absorbed by otherfissile atoms and cause further fission events. As a result of these, more neutrons will be released.To cause more fission, we do know that nuclear chain reactions can be controlled by neutronpoisons and neutron moderators which change the portion of neutrons. As the velocity of neutronsis fast, a medium called neutron moderator is used to slow the velocity. Thereby, turning them intothermal neutrons that have the ability to sustain a nuclear chain reaction especially uranium-235.Therefore, this is how a nuclear reactor works.Lately the world was rocked by the statement of the Republic of Iran president, MahmoudAhmadinejad. He confesses to the world that Iran was running a nuclear energy program for thesafety of Iran which is one of the neighbours of Iraq. In mid-2004, Iran began the processing of nuclear fuel as part of its plan to achieve self-sufficiency in civilian nuclear power production.Eventually Iran's plan was demolished by the IAEA. This shows that there is fear around the worldthat having a nuclear power plant would bring whether good effect if use for electric energypurposes or severe bad effects if it is use for mass destruction weapons.Observing this, do you think that nuclear power plants are safe for humankind that lives incountry that practise nuclear power? From my present point of view, I think nuclear is safe as far asit brings benefit to us. For instance, a nuclear power plant would bring a lot of benefits to peoplearound the world without depending on hydroelectricity dams and generators. Safety would be firstto think of, thus the new nuclear reactor technology offers us much safety with well computersystems. As a matter of fact, the latest components of nuclear reactor are much better engineeredthan before. Besides that, nuclear power can also be used for naval ships. In fact, Malaysia is in talksamong the cabinets to invent a nuclear power plant reactor in this country. Although, the costinitially is quite high, nuclear power plants are quite economic as it can be run as long as possible.