Dell Power Solutions,
March 2009. Copyright © 2009 Dell Inc. All rights reserved.
Understanding the MOSS topologyand taking appropriate deploymentsteps can help organizations create aninrastructure that can meet their spe-ciic needs. By ollowing best practicesto deploy MOSS 2007 on a arm o DellPowerEdge servers, create the neces-sary Web applications and SharedServices Provider (SSP), and coniguresite collections, administrators cancreate a robust, manageable oundationor end-user productivity.
Understanding theMoss 2007 toPology
MOSS is a Web-based application built onthe Microsot Internet Inormation Services(IIS) and ASP.NET platorms with aMicrosot SQL Server® back-end datarepository or MOSS content. MOSS imple-mentations are very lexible and can rangerom single-server deployments up tolarge server arm deployments. Single-server deployments, which run all MOSSservices on a single physical server, arewell suited or small businesses with rela-tively ew users and a small amount odata. This type o implementation can alsobe useul in a lab environment or proo-o-concept deployments and testing.A more typical MOSS implementation,however, would use a arm o multipleservers (see Figure 1):
This server supportsthe MOSS database services. In largeimplementations, multiple clusteredSQL Server systems may be necessaryto handle the database workload. Thephysical disk storage can be movedto direct attach storage (such as DellPowerVault
systems) or networkedstorage (such as Dell PowerVault, DellEqualLogic
, or Dell/EMC systems) onan existing Internet SCSI (iSCSI) orFibre Channel inrastructure.
Web front-end server:
This server sup-ports the MOSS Web sites. Multipleservers may be necessary to handleheavy Web traic accessing the MOSSarm, including Windows NetworkLoad Balancing to help balance theload between the servers.
Search index and query server:
Thisserver supports the MOSS enterprisesearch unctionality, which comprisesindex and query services. The indexservices crawl the MOSS content orindexing, while the query services handleuser search queries. These services canbe oloaded to separate servers.
Other application servers:
These serv-ers support the MOSS CentralAdministration site, Microsot Excel®Calculation Services, document con-version services, and so on.
BUilding the server farMinfrastrUctUre
Several resources are available to helporganizations build a cost-eective MOSSserver arm, including a Dell implementationsizing guide
and the Microsot SharePointCapacity Planning Tool, a complimentaryextension or Microsot System CenterCapacity Planner 2007 that providesanalysis and simulation eatures.
Installing MOSS 2007 requires the ol-lowing user accounts:
Setup user account:
This accountshould be a domain account in thelocal administrators group on everyserver in the MOSS server arm. Usinga local account may cause accessproblems with MOSS shared services.
SQL Server service account:
Thisaccount is needed during SQL Serversetup to run the MSSQLSERVER andSQLSERVERAGENT services.
MOSS server farm account:
Alsoknown as a database access account,this account acts as an identity orthe MOSS Central Administrationapplication pool and runs the WSSTimer service.
Example Microsot Ofce SharePoint Server 2007 implementation on a multi-server arm
End usersWeb front-end server 1
Web front-end server 2
Search index and query server
Directory domain controllerDatabase server