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Lan Design Ccna3 1

Lan Design Ccna3 1

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Published by m1chh

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Published by: m1chh on Dec 01, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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1.LAN design1.1.1Chapter introduction
For the small- and medium-sized business, communicating digitally using data,voice, and video is critical to business survival. Consequently, a properlydesigned LAN is a fundamental requirement for doing business today. You mustbe able to recognize a well-designed LAN and select the appropriate devices tosupport the network specifications of a small- or medium-sized business.In this chapter, you will begin exploring the switched LAN architecture and someof the principles that are used to design a hierarchical network. You will learnabout converged networks. You will also learn how to select the correct switch fora hierarchal network and which Cisco switches are best suited for each networklayer. The activities and labs confirm and reinforce your learning.
1.1.1 The hierachical network model
When building a LAN that satisfies the needs of a small- or medium-sizedbusiness, your plan is more likely to be successful if a hierarchical design modelis used. Compared to other network designs, a hierarchical network is easier tomanage and expand, and problems are solved more quickly.Hierarchical network design involves dividing the network into discrete layers.Each layer provides specific functions that define its role within the overallnetwork. By separating the various functions that exist on a network, the networkdesign becomes modular, which facilitates scalability and performance. Thetypical hierarchical design model is broken up in to three layers: access,distribution, and core. An example of a three-layer hierarchical network design isdisplayed in the figure.
Access Layer
 The access layer interfaces with end devices, such as PCs, printers, and IPphones, to provide access to the rest of the network. The access layer caninclude routers, switches, bridges, hubs, and wireless access points (AP). Themain purpose of the access layer is to provide a means of connecting devices tothe network and controlling which devices are allowed to communicate on thenetwork.
Distribution Layer
 The distribution layer aggregates the data received from the access layerswitches before it is transmitted to the core layer for routing to its finaldestination. The distribution layer controls the flow of network traffic usingpolicies and delineates broadcast domains by performing routing functionsbetween virtual LANs (VLANs) defined at the access layer. VLANs allow you tosegment the traffic on a switch into separate subnetworks. For example, in auniversity you might separate traffic according to faculty, students, and guests.Distribution layer switches are typically high-performance devices that have highavailability and redundancy to ensure reliability. You will learn more aboutVLANs, broadcast domains, and inter-VLAN routing later in this course.
Core Layer
 The core layer of the hierarchical design is the high-speed backbone of theinternetwork. The core layer is critical for interconnectivity between distributionlayer devices, so it is important for the core to be highly available and redundant. The core area can also connect to Internet resources. The core aggregates thetraffic from all the distribution layer devices, so it must be capable of forwardinglarge amounts of data quickly.

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