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GENERAL TOPOLOGY
1.1 TOPOLOGICAL SPACES
1.2 KINDS OF TEXTURE
1.3 FUNCTIONS
1.4 QUOTIENTS AND GROUPS
1.4.1 Quotient spaces
1.4.2 Topological groups
HOMOLOGY
2.1 GRAPHS
2.1.1 Graphs, ﬁrst way
2.1.2 Graphs, second way
2.2 THE FIRST TOPOLOGICAL INVARIANTS
2.2.1 Simplexes, complexes & all that
2.2.2 Topological numbers
3.1.1 Homotopy of curves
3.1.2 The Fundamental group
3.1.3 Some Calculations
3.2 COVERING SPACES
3.2.1 Multiply-connected Spaces
3.2.2 Covering Spaces
3.3 HIGHER HOMOTOPY
MANIFOLDS & CHARTS
4.1 MANIFOLDS
4.1.1 Topological manifolds
the topological manifolds
4.1.2 Dimensions, integer and other
4.2 CHARTS AND COORDINATES
5.1 DEFINITION AND OVERLOOK
5.2 SMOOTH FUNCTIONS
5.3 DIFFERENTIABLE SUBMANIFOLDS
TANGENT STRUCTURE
6.1 INTRODUCTION
6.2 TANGENT SPACES
6.3 TENSORS ON MANIFOLDS
6.4 FIELDS & TRANSFORMATIONS
6.4.1 Fields
6.4.2 Transformations
6.5 FRAMES
6.6 METRIC & RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLDS
DIFFERENTIAL FORMS
7.1 INTRODUCTION
7.2 EXTERIOR DERIVATIVE
7.3 VECTOR-VALUED FORMS
7.4 DUALITY AND CODERIVATION
7.5 INTEGRATION AND HOMOLOGY
7.5.1 Integration
7.5.2 Cohomology of diﬀerential forms
7.6 ALGEBRAS, ENDOMORPHISMS AND DERIVATIVES
SYMMETRIES
8.1 LIE GROUPS
8.2 TRANSFORMATIONS ON MANIFOLDS
8.3 LIE ALGEBRA OF A LIE GROUP
9.4 LINEAR CONNECTIONS
9.5 PRINCIPAL BUNDLES
9.6 GENERAL CONNECTIONS
9.7 BUNDLE CLASSIFICATION
NONCOMMUTATIVE GEOMETRY
10.1 QUANTUM GROUPS — A PEDESTRIAN OUTLINE
10.2 QUANTUM GEOMETRY
MATHEMATICAL TOPICS
THE BASIC ALGEBRAIC STRUCTURES
1.1 Groups and lesser structures
1.2 Rings and ﬁelds
1.3 Modules and vector spaces
1.4 Algebras
1.5 Coalgebras
DISCRETE GROUPS. BRAIDS AND KNOTS
A DISCRETE GROUPS
2.1 A Discrete groups
2.2 B Braids
3.1 MEASURE SPACES
3.2 ERGODISM
TOPOLOGICAL LINEAR SPACES
1 Inner product space
4.1 Inner product space
4.2 Norm
4.3 Normed vector spaces
4.4 Hilbert space
4.5 Banach space
4.6 Topological vector spaces
4.7 Function spaces
BANACH ALGEBRAS
1 Quantization
2 Banach algebras
5.1 Quantization
5.2 Banach algebras
5.3 *-algebras and C*-algebras
5.4 From Geometry to Algebra
5.5 Von Neumann algebras
5.6 The Jones polynomials
REPRESENTATIONS
6.1 A Linear representations
6.2 B Regular representation
6.3 C Fourier expansions
VARIATIONS & FUNCTIONALS
[1] Variation of a curve
7.1 A Curves
7.1.1 Variation of a curve
7.1.2 Variation ﬁelds
7.1.3 Path functionals
7.1.4 Functional diﬀerentials
7.1.5 Second-variation
7.2 B General functionals
7.2.1 Functionals
7.2.2 Linear functionals
7.2.3 Operators
7.2.4 Derivatives – Fr´echet and Gateaux
FUNCTIONAL FORMS
8.1 A Exterior variational calculus
8.1.1 Lagrangian density
8.1.2 Variations and diﬀerentials
8.1.3 The action functional
8.1.4 Variational derivative
8.1.5 Euler Forms
8.1.6 Higher order Forms
8.1.7 Relation to operators
8.2 B Existence of a lagrangian
8.2.1 Inverse problem of variational calculus
8.2.2 Helmholtz-Vainberg theorem
8.2.3 Equations with no lagrangian
8.3 C Building lagrangians
8.3.1 The homotopy formula
8.3.2 Examples
8.3.3 Symmetries of equations
SINGULAR POINTS
1 Index of a curve
9.1 Index of a curve
9.2 Index of a singular point
9.3 Relation to topology
9.4 Basic two-dimensional singularities
9.5 Critical points
9.6 Morse lemma
9.7 Morse indices and topology
9.8 Catastrophes
EUCLIDEAN SPACES AND SUBSPACES
10.1 A Structure equations
10.1.1 Moving frames
10.1.2 The Cartan lemma
10.2 B Riemannian structure
10.2.1 Curvature
10.2.2 Connection
10.2.3 Gauss, Ricci and Codazzi equations
10.2.4 Riemann tensor
10.3 C Geometry of surfaces
10.3.1 Gauss Theorem
10.4 D Relation to topology
10.4.1 The Gauss-Bonnet theorem
10.4.2 The Chern theorem
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRIES
1 The old controversy
11.1 The old controversy
11.2 The curvature of a metric space
11.3 The spherical case
11.4 The Boliyai-Lobachevsky case
11.5 On the geodesic curves
11.6 The Poincar´e space
12.1 Self–parallel curves
12.1.1 In General Relativity
12.1.2 The absolute derivative
12.1.3 Self–parallelism
12.1.4 Complete spaces
12.1.5 Fermi transport
12.1.6 In Optics
12.2 Congruences
12.2.1 Jacobi equation
12.2.2 Vorticity, shear and expansion
12.2.3 Landau–Raychaudhury equation
PHYSICAL TOPICS
HAMILTONIAN MECHANICS
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Symplectic structure
1.3 Time evolution
1.4 Canonical transformations
1.5 Phase spaces as bundles
1.6 The algebraic structure
1.7 Relations between Lie algebras
1.8 Liouville integrability
MORE MECHANICS
Hamilton–Jacobi
1 Hamiltonian structure
2.1 Hamilton–Jacobi
2.1.1 Hamiltonian structure
2.1.2 Hamilton-Jacobi equation
2.2 The Lagrange derivative
2.2.1 The Lagrange derivative as a covariant derivative
2.3 The rigid body
2.3.1 Frames
2.3.2 The conﬁguration space
2.3.3 The phase space
2.3.4 Dynamics
2.3.5 The “space” and the “body” derivatives
2.3.6 The reduced phase space
2.3.7 Moving frames
2.3.8 The rotation group
2.3.9 Left– and right–invariant ﬁelds
2.3.10 The Poinsot construction
STATISTICS AND ELASTICITY
A STATISTICAL MECHANICS
3.1 A Statistical Mechanics
3.1.1 Introduction
3.1.2 General overview
3.2 B Lattice models
3.2.1 The Ising model
3.2.2 Spontaneous breakdown of symmetry
3.2.3 The Potts model
3.2.4 Cayley trees and Bethe lattices
3.2.5 The four-color problem
3.3 C Elasticity
3.3.1 Regularity and defects
3.3.2 Classical elasticity
3.3.3 Nematic systems
3.3.4 The Franck index
PROPAGATION OF DISCONTINUITIES
1 Characteristics
4.1 Characteristics
4.2 Partial diﬀerential equations
4.3 Maxwell’s equations in a medium
4.4 The eikonal equation
GEOMETRICAL OPTICS
1 Introduction
5.0 Introduction
5.1 The light-ray equation
5.2 Hamilton’s point of view
5.3 Relation to geodesics
5.4 The Fermat principle
5.5 Maxwell’s ﬁsh-eye
5.6 Fresnel’s ellipsoid
CLASSICAL RELATIVISTIC FIELDS
6.1 A The fundamental ﬁelds
6.2 B Spacetime transformations
6.3 C Internal transformations
6.4 D Lagrangian formalism
GAUGE FIELDS
7.1 A The gauge tenets
7.1.1 Electromagnetism
7.1.2 Nonabelian theories
7.1.3 The gauge prescription
7.1.4 Hamiltonian approach
7.1.5 Exterior diﬀerential formulation
7.2 B Functional diﬀerential approach
7.2.1 Functional Forms
7.2.2 The space of gauge potentials
7.2.3 Gauge conditions
7.2.4 Gauge anomalies
7.2.5 BRST symmetry
7.3 C Chiral ﬁelds
GENERAL RELATIVITY
8.1 Einstein’s equation
8.2 The equivalence principle
8.3 Spinors and torsion
DE SITTER SPACES
1 General characteristics
9.1 General characteristics
9.2 Curvature
9.3 Geodesics and Jacobi equations
9.4 Some qualitative aspects
9.5 Wigner-In¨on¨u contraction
SYMMETRIES ON PHASE SPACE
10.1 Symmetries and anomalies
10.2 The Souriau momentum
10.3 The Kirillov form
10.4 Integrability revisited
10.5. CLASSICAL YANG-BAXTER EQUATION 631
10.5 Classical Yang-Baxter equation
Glossary and Bibliography
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10/15/2012

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