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The ‘Right to Equality’ and the ‘Right to be Different’ with Respect to the Indigenous Peoples Rights Movement

The ‘Right to Equality’ and the ‘Right to be Different’ with Respect to the Indigenous Peoples Rights Movement

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Published by Amjad Nazeer
The ‘Right to Equality’ and the ‘Right to be Different’ with
Respect to the Indigenous Peoples Rights Movement
The ‘Right to Equality’ and the ‘Right to be Different’ with
Respect to the Indigenous Peoples Rights Movement

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Amjad Nazeer on Dec 01, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/12/2014

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The‘RighttoEquality’andthe‘RighttobeDifferent’withRespecttotheIndigenousPeoplesRightsMovement
AmjadNazeerUniversityofTromso,NorwayNovember2011
 
 
 
1
The‘RighttoEquality’andthe‘RighttobeDifferent’withRespecttotheIndigenousPeoplesRightsMovement
I.
 
Introduction:
OvertlyandcovertlyUDHR
1
doesacknowledge
thedifference
and
equality 
whilesaying,“
allhumanbeingsarebornfreeand‘equal’indignityandrights 
....they...
shouldacttowardsoneanotherinaspiritofbrotherhood 
...and...
nodistinctionshallbemadeonthebasisofthepolitical,jurisdictionalorinternationalstatusofthecountryorterritorytowhichapersonbelong
.However,itreliesheavilyontheliberalfoundationsofindividualsovereigntyandclaimsanoutrightuniversality.BoththepropositionswerevehementlychallengedbytheAmericanAnthropologicalAssociations’
2
statementonhumanrights
in1948.Contemporarydebatearound
equality 
andthe
righttobedifferent 
echoesbackseveralissueswithreferencetothe
indigenouspeoples(IPs)
.Withoutacknowledgingdifference-beitreligious,racial,gender,age,socialstandingorofsexualorientation-extendinghumanrights,evenwithintheliberalphilosophicalfoundations,isimpossible.Beyondtheindividualisticpremises,theideaofcollective
equality 
and
difference 
isimmenselycomplicatedasmisperceivingormistreatingitmightleadtoperilouspoliticalimplications.Nowhereelsethiscomplicationisamplydemonstratedasinthecaseofassertingcollectiverightsfortheindigenouspeoples.Theveryargumentispittingindigenouspeoplesagainstnationalgovernments,individualsagainsttheindigenousauthorities,customarylawsagainstnationallegislationandinternationalhumanrightslawagainstthenation-states.Italsochallengesthetendencyofenforcingcoloniallegaciesinthenameofcitizen’sequalityandhumanrights,ascertainstatesappeartodo.Beitindividualorcollectiverightstherefore,itistheroleofnation-statesthatalsoneedsacloserscrutiny.
 
1
Universal Declaration of Human Right (1948)
2
The Anthropology of Human Rights: Sally Engle Merry, Department of Anthropology, Spring 2006

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