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CHAPTER 10 RADIOACTIVITY STUDENT'S COPY

CHAPTER 10 RADIOACTIVITY STUDENT'S COPY

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Published by: Mohd Khairul Anuar on Aug 03, 2008
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05/09/2014

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 JPN Pahang 
 
Physics Module Form 5Student’s Copy
 
Chapter 10: Radioactive
10. 1 THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM10 .1.1 The composition of the nucleus
1. Atomic Model has a ………… which consists of …………….
 
and ……………. with
…………………
revolving around the nucleus like the planet revolving around the Sun.2. A proton has a
…………
..
e
.charge whereas an
……………
.has a
………………..
charge.
10.1.2 Nuclide
1. A nuclide is an atom of a particle structure2 An atom of an element is represented by its symbol as above.A is for ………………….. Z is for …………………. and X is for …………………………
ent 
1
X
A
 
ZAtomic StructureProton number Atomic ModelElectron Nucleus Nucleon number Isotopes
CHAPTER 10: RADIOACTIVE
 
 JPN Pahang 
 
Physics Module Form 5Student’s Copy
 
Chapter 10: Radioactive
3.
2713
AlThe number of proton is
…………
.The number of nucleon is ……… .
The number of neutron in this nucleus is ………
14
4. Carbon – 12, each nucleus contains 6 protons and 6 neutrons. Hence A = 12 and Z = 6.Write the symbol for this nuclide………………………………………………………
10.1.3 Isotopes
1. What it meant by the isotopes?
 
…………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………..2. Write smbolically isotopes:carbon -12 :…
………………….
carbon -14 :……………………deuterium : ……………………tritium : ……………………….oxygen – 16 :………………….oxygen – 17……………………helium – 3……………………..helium – 4 ……………………2
 
 JPN Pahang 
 
Physics Module Form 5Student’s Copy
 
Chapter 10: Radioactive
Exercise 10.1
1.A nucleus contains protons and neutrons. Which of these particles experiences anelectrostatic force ?…… …………………………………………………………………………………..2.Gold (Au ) has 79 protons and 118 neutrons. Write the symbol for this nuclide………………………………………………………………………………………..3. An isotope of nitrogen can be represented by (
157
N ). How many of the following particles does it have?a)protons :……………………………………………. b)Neutrons:c)electrons : ……………………………………………4. An atom of element Y has a proton number 5 and a nucleon number 11. Identify theelement : ………………….………
 B
……………………………………………………. 
10.2 RADIOACTIVE DECAY10.2.1 Radioactivity
1. What is meant by the radioactivity ?…………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………..2. The process is said to be spontaneous because : .…………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………..3. The emission of radioactive rays is random means that :a)…………………………………………………………………………………………….. b) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..3

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