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Chart - Summary of Stages of Child Development: Compares Piaget and Erikson

Chart - Summary of Stages of Child Development: Compares Piaget and Erikson

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Published by: lwood06 on Dec 02, 2010
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01/04/2013

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Comparative Summary of Child Development
Piaget (cognitive) and Erikson (social/emotional)Ages birth through twelve+
Piaget Erikson
Birth ± 2 yearsSensory-motor StageBirth to 2 years
y
 
eflex physical action
y
 
repeats and learns to control
y
 
imitation of actions andsounds
y
 
repetition
y
 
social interaction
y
 
gain control of physicalmovements
y
 
object permanenceTrust Vs. Mistrust (bonding)Birth to 1 year 
y
 
 physical needs are met and the baby then learns to trust
î
 
crying, smiling, cooing,reaching
î
 
 parents receptive
y
 
reliable
y
 
³w
arm´ interactions
w/
adults
y
 
safe
y
 
 basis for hope2 ± 7 yearsPre-operational Stage2-7 years
y
 
egocentric
y
 
 perception based thinking
y
 
symbolic play
y
 
generalize in illogical
w
ays
y
 
animism
y
 
artificialismAutonomy vs. Shame and doubt1 to 3 years (toddlers)
y
 
given the emotional support,they are free to explore physically on their o
w
n (do it by myself...)
y
 
adults support rather than fuss
w
hen accidents happen
y
 
 perpetual motion stage
y
 
 potty training
y
 
starting to talk and exploretheir 
w
orld.Initiative and belonging vs.Guilt andalienation3 and 4 years
y
 
language development is keyfor interactions & initiative
y
 
their questions are looking for 
³
 purpose of´ ans
w
ers
y
 
 parallel play, then cooperative play
y
 
importance of frames

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