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PLL a Control Centric Tutorial

PLL a Control Centric Tutorial

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Published by: Trinidad Méndez on Aug 03, 2008
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Agilent LabsPhase-Locked Loops: A Control Centric TutorialMay 8, 2002
Phase-Locked Loops: A Control Centric Tutorial
Danny AbramovitchAgilent Labs3500 Deer Creek Road, MS: 25U-9Palo Alto, CA 94304-1392
E-mail: danny@labs.agilent.comMay 8, 2002
“Then I locked the phase, now I’m a believer ...”
– Shrek takes up engineering
Slides and preprint available at: http://www.labs.agilent.com/personal/Danny Abramovitch/pubs/
2002 ACC1
C OR L
OMMUNICATIONS AND PTICSESEARCH AB
 
Agilent LabsPhase-Locked Loops: A Control Centric TutorialMay 8, 2002
Talk Outline
Brief History
PLL Basics
Linear Analysis Methods for Classical PLLs
Nonlinear Analysis Methods for Classical PLLs
Digital PLLs
Loop Components
Phase Detectors
Voltage Controlled Oscillators
Loop Filters
Noise
Applications
PLL Applications in Control Problems
Advanced Topics/Areas For Contribution/Useful References
2002 ACC2
C OR L
OMMUNICATIONS AND PTICSESEARCH AB
 
Agilent LabsPhase-Locked Loops: A Control Centric TutorialMay 8, 2002
An Abbreviated History of PLLs
Coincides with invention of “coherent communication” (DeBellescize, 1932).
The earliest widespread use of PLLs to the horizontal and vertical sweeps used in television,where a continuous clocking signal had to be synchronized with a periodic synch pulse (Wendt& Fredendall, 1943). PLLs critical to development of color television (Richman, 1954).
The first PLL IC arrived around 1965. This created an explosion in the use of PLLs.
The first digital PLL appeared around 1970. This was of the classical digital PLL type.
A few years later, the first all digital PLL appeared.
The first laser appears in 1960. The first optical PLL arrives 4 years later.
PLLs today:
PLLs in every cell phone, television, radio, pager, computer, all telephony, ...
The most prolific feedback system built by engineers.
At low end: all software PLLs implement entire PLL functionality on sampled data.
At high end: optical PLLs used in clock recovery for 160 Gbps data (OFC 2002).
Boy band called: N’Sync.
So, why aren’t we paying attention?
The field is both mature and bleeding edge.
Main contributions come from circuit designers.
They tend to be great at circuit design, but weak with filters & loop dynamics.
2002 ACC3
C OR L
OMMUNICATIONS AND PTICSESEARCH AB

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