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Maths Ks3 Resources

# Maths Ks3 Resources

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12/02/2010

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Key Stage 3 Mathematics Resources
Verulam School KS3 Mathematics 2010 Page 1

Number Terms to Know:
brackets
group terms inside that should be treated alike.
common factor
a factor that two or more numbers have in common.
counting numbers
also called natural numbers, the positive numbers used to count.
cube
to multiply a number times itself and then times itself again. 2 x 2 x 2 = 2
3
= 8
cube root
is the number that, when cubed, gives a certain number.The cube root of 8

= 2.
decimal
a number with a decimal point separating the whole and decimal part.
decimal places
the digits to the right of a decimal point in a number.
denominator
the number on the bottom of a fraction. It is the number of pieces thewhole is divided into.
divisible
a number is
divisible
by another number if it can be divided equally by thatnumber.
Divisibility RulesA number can be dividedby:If:
1 It is any number2 It is an even number (ends in 0, 2,4, 6, 8)The digits add to a number divisible by 34 the last two digits are divisible by 45 It ends in 0 or 56 It is divisible by 2 and 378 Last three digits are divisible by 89 The digits add to a number divisible by 910 It ends in 0A number is divisible by something if that number goes into it evenly with noremainder

Because a number divided by itself always yields 1, a number is always divisible byitself.

No number is divisible by a number greater than itself.

Key Stage 3 Mathematics Resources
Verulam School KS3 Mathematics 2010 Page 2

Number Terms to Know (continued):

equivalent
two fractions that express the same part of a whole. If you multiply thenumerator and denominator of one fraction by a number you get an equivalentfraction. 1/4, 2/8, and 3/12 are all equivalent fractions.
estimate
to find an approximate value for a calculation by rounding each of thenumbers.
exponent
the number that tells you how many times to multiply the base number byitself.
factor
a number which divides evenly into another number.
factorise
to find all the factors of a number.
fraction
written as one whole number over another, it describes part of a whole.Ex. 3/4, 1/6, 19/4.
Highest (or Greatest) Common Factor
The greatest (highest, largest) numberthat divides into two or more givennumbers.
improper fraction
A fraction whosenumerator is equal to or greater than itsdenominator.
index
(see
exponent
) also called a
power
.
index notation
when a product is writtenas one or more base numbers andexponents.
integers
all the whole numbers and theiropposites (the positive whole numbers,the negative whole numbers, and zero) --fractions and decimals are
not
integers.
inverse operation
the operation thatundoes or reverses an operation. For example,addition and subtraction are inverse operations.
irrational numbers
a number that is not an integer and cannot be written as afraction. They are infinite, non-recurring decimals.
Least Common Denominator
the least common multiple of the denominators of two ormore fractions. That is, the lowest number which is a multiple of both denominators.
Least Common Multiple
the smallest number that is divisible by two or more givennumbers.

Key Stage 3 Mathematics Resources
Verulam School KS3 Mathematics 2010 Page 3

Number Terms to Know (continued):

lowest terms

when a fraction‘s numerator and denominator have no common factors
mixed number
a number composed of a whole number and a fraction. 5

multiple
the multiples of a number are the products of the multiplication table.
X 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 121 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 122 2 4 6 8 9 12 14 16 18 20 22 243 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 364 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 485 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 606 6 12 18 24 30 36 42 48 54 60 66 727 7 14 21 28 35 42 49 56 63 70 77 848 8 16 24 32 40 48 56 64 72 80 88 969 9 18 27 36 45 54 63 72 81 90 99 10810 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 12011 11 22 33 44 55 66 77 88 99 110 121 13212 12 24 36 48 60 72 84 96 108 120 132 144negative numbers
The set of numbers less than zero, to the left of 0 on the numberline.
numerator
the number above the line in a fraction. It is the number of parts that arebeing
taken
‖ from the whole
.
Order of Operations (BODMAS or BIDMAS):
The order in which to carry outoperations when evaluating an expression-- brackets, powers (or indices),multiplication and division, addition and subtraction.
percentage
meaning "parts per hundred;" a fraction in which the number to the leftof the % sign is the numerator and 100 is the denominator. 57% = 57/100 =0.57.

place value
the value of a digit, based on where it appears in a numeral. The value of eachposition in a numeral is ten times the value of the position to its right.
prime factorization
a number written as the product of its prime factors.
prime number
a positive whole number divisible only by 1 and itself. Following are thefirst fifteen prime numbers: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47 .(Note: 1 is not prime).