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2008-04-29, CK Submission to IEEE-CSET08

2008-04-29, CK Submission to IEEE-CSET08

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Published by: Colin Kline on Dec 02, 2010
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ICSET08
IEEE International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies
24 - 27 November, 2008
Singapore
“PLAN-C”
 A SOLAR PARASOL AS AN INSURANCE POLICY  AGAINST EXTREME CLIMATE CHANGE
Submission by
Colin KLINE
Dip.EE, B.Sc., Life Member IEEE, Grad I.E. Aust
 
., TTIC, Accred. uStation Trainer
 
CEO “Elektronikline”.ABSTRACT:
(95 words)There are competing views about alleged catastrophic Climate Change.Some debaters are not being honest about verifiable scientific fact.The public, and politicians, are therefore confused about various claims.100% certainty is not needed in our everyday domestic decisions, and not in our political decisions.Commonly used is the Precautionary Principle, of 
taking out insurance
for outcomes NOT guaranteed,such as house fire, or car accidents.This planet could take out insurance against an event without 100% certainty, but which would be 100%catastrophic, namely, heat death of this planet.One engineered ‘insurance plan’ is outlined.
Preferred Topic Area
=
§9.1
= “
Global Warming and Climate Change
CONTACT
=Colin KLINE;
MOB
=(04) 0886 7454 (preferred);
LAND
=(03) 5341 8071;
e1
=elkline@vic.chariot.net.au (preferred);
e2
=ozogg@netconnect.com.au;
e3
=elkline@gmail.com;
POST
= RMB N677, Ballarat, Vic, Australia, 3352 (preferred);
STREET
=116 Fisken Rd, Mt Helen, Vic, Australia, 3350.
Page: 147191938.doc2 December 2010
 
A Geo-Engineered Strategy of Protective Insurance Against Extreme Climate Change
SYNOPSIS
On the topic of Climate Change
 
, there are two polar classes of opposed views:
One faction (CCD = Climate Change Denialists) claims that there is no real climate threat to planet Earth at all - that allclimate changes are cyclical - and that the latest scientific predictions of large variation are just part of that normality.
1
The opposite faction (CCA = Climate Change Alarmists) claims that reliable scientific data predict an impending climatecatastrophe, heralded by many “tipping points,” that will usher in irreversible damage to all flora & fauna on this planet.
2
Some may accuse the first faction of being influenced by “
 Business As Usual Profiteering Polluters
”; but then some will accusethe second faction of being “
Chicken-Little Green Panic Merchants
”. And both these factions may accuse those clinging to amiddle ground as having an inappropriate view. There have been conducted various analyses of the economic, environmental,and political costs of both these polar views, and positions in between. Is there a third way ?If one were to use a risk based analysis (like house or car insurance policy), this planet could “
take out insurance
” against a possible direevent, that of irreversible death of the majority of flora and fauna in our environment, including mankind. This proposed “
insurance
follows the “
Precautionary Principle
,” of 
not allowing lack of certainty to avoid taking action against harm
. A so-called “Solar Parasol”would thus offer a “
breathing space
” for direct actions. It is a ‘Manhattan Bomb’ or ‘Panama Canal’ or (nearly) ‘Space Program’ sized project, but within reach of current technologies. One could describe Plan-A as “
business as usual 
”, Plan-B as “
a (too) slow CO2reduction
”, and Plan-C as “
 probative insurance against planetary over heating 
.”The main thrust of this paper is to suggest construction of a “Composite Solar Parasol” (composed of smaller sub-parasols) to be placed atLagrange Point1 (L1), the neutral gravity point between Sun and Earth, thus it will track Earth in orbit around the Sun. It would variably (inVenetian blind fashion) shade the Earth with a maximum 3% reduction in solation. It notes the agricultural folly of having a single large parasol shading all of the Earth. So the proposal suggests a “
cat’s eye
” elliptical orbit of sub-parasols (see pic below) that would shade onlythe Arctic and Antarctic regions. This arrangement would restore the ice-caps,
prevent methane liberation
from a melting BorealPermafrost, but allow normal farming in equatorial & temperate regions, with no penalty to food production & supply.It is more stable to implement the sub-parasols in a HALO orbit, in a plane at right angles to the Earth-Sun axis, with that plane located atLagrange Point1, normal to the E-S axis. There already exist several satellites in such a HALO orbit at L1, for example SOHO, “
Solar Observatory Halo Orbit 
”. A halo orbit is required to be “harmonic” (circular, elliptical, Lissajous) for it to impart considerable stability onsuch satellites. Another virtue of using sub-parasols
 
, is that they can be inserted into orbit in a balanced two by two fashion, allowing a progressive evaluation of the total project.
Elliptical Torus as
Composite Parasol
 
= “Cat’s Eye”
(viewed from Sun-side, Moon portrayed in background)
42
Sub-Parasols
are portrayed in this version.
Clip taken at 54seconds into a 3minute HiRes Video,constructed by
2007 Graphics Design Team
:
C. KLINE, D. MacARA & R. MacBRIDE
Size of Animagraphic Video Data =
500-MBYTES
;Size of Hi-Resolution H264 Player 
 
=
10-MBYTES
.
Note:
Only Arctic and Antarctic regions are shaded
(i..e from + / - 85 degrees to + / - 90 degrees) permitting normal farming to continue in the temperate and tropical regions
Composite Solar Parasol
Elliptical Torus located at L1,Lying at point (Earth - L1) = 1.5E9 metres,Earth to Sun = 1.5E
ll
metres,Minor Diameter of Ellipse = 9E6 metres,Major Diameter of Ellipse = 10E6 metres,Thickness of Annulus Ring = 500km,
Sub-Parasols
Diameter of each Sub-Parasol = 20-50km; Thickness of Sub-Para = 1 μm mylar Super-mirrored on Sun-side (using new nano-super-mirror materials),Total Number of Sub-Parasols = 42 (approx.) Number of Hydrazine thrusters = 2 – 4 per sub-parasol,All Sub-Parasols are proportionally “winkable” by radio-control,Weight of Sub-Parasols = X(?) gram, (depending on latest material science)Launch by ElectroMagCoils (reusable), not by Rail-Gun (explosive),Or Launch by “Synchronous Ring Race Track Accelerator” – see
ANNEXE04
[Sub-parasol cargo launched in protective metal cylinders, which after the sub- parasol is ejected, finally trajectory into the Sun as incinerator].
1
See ANNEX 01, from <Rough Guide to Climate Change>, by Robert HENSEN, Rough Guides, London, 2006.
2
See ANNEX 02, from <Boreal Forest Meltdown>, by Fred PEARCE, in New Scientist, 27 September 2006.Page: 247191938.doc2 December 2010
 
ANNEXE-01
:
 Just the Facts, Mam
” (from 1950’s radio comedy show by
Stan FREBURG
).The
below graph
shows 4 distinct data sets for 
climate representation:
(i) average temp. in yellow -
1880 to 1960
- from ice coresampling; (ii) average temp. in mustard – 
1960 to 2006
- from various atmospheric and land / sea sampling; (iii) instantaneous temp. in plum red – showing the variability in world temperatures, as distinct from the ‘averages’ above; (iv) average temp. in pink – 
2006 to2020+
- a band of possible future data outcomes.The first two sets of data are FACT - they are not conjectures as climate denialists so often misreport. Note: The average trend line is monotonically INCREASING over this period
1880 to 2006
.The very last (future) data set portrayal may indeed be conjecture, derived from various computer models, showing a range of outcomes. But there is
NO PREDICTION
,
IN ANY MODEL
,
THAT
the future
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE
of land andsea
WILL
 
DECREASE
. Thus even if ALL fossil fuel burning were to stop tomorrow, the planet is doomed.
ANNEXE-02
:
What’s that ahead 
- Chief Lookout Officer, the Titanic
Climate Change: “One Degree And We’re Done For”
 Boreal Forest Meltdown
Fred PEARCENew Scientist, 27 September 2006
http://www.newscientist.com/channel/earth/mg19125713.300-climate-change-one-degree-and-were-done-for.html
Graph of Climate Change Hotspots
 Further global warming of 1°C defines a critical threshold. Beyond that we will likely see changes that make Earth a different planet than the one we know
.”So says
Jim HANSEN
, director of NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies in NewYork.
HANSEN
and colleagues have analysed global temperature records and found thatsurface temperatures have been increasing by an average of 0.2°C every decade for the past 30 years.
Warming is greatest in the high latitudes of the northern hemisphere, particularly inthe sub-Arctic boreal forests of Siberia and North America. Here the melting of iceand snow is exposing darker surfaces that absorb more sunlight and increasewarming, creating a positive feedback.
Page: 347191938.doc2 December 2010

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