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How Teaching Methods Effect Inquiry Learning

How Teaching Methods Effect Inquiry Learning

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Published by kittybella34
Running head: HOW TEACHNG METHODS EFFECT INQUIRY LEARNING

1

How Teaching Methods Effect Inquiry Learning Christina Connolly University of Rhode Island

HOW TEACHNG METHODS EFFECT INQUIRY LEARNING Abstract This study investigates the relationship between actual inquiry-based methods practiced and teachers’ perception of which methods are most effective. Critical thinking or the process of

2

ascertaining the authenticity, accuracy and worth of information is a basic skill in social studies, w
Running head: HOW TEACHNG METHODS EFFECT INQUIRY LEARNING

1

How Teaching Methods Effect Inquiry Learning Christina Connolly University of Rhode Island

HOW TEACHNG METHODS EFFECT INQUIRY LEARNING Abstract This study investigates the relationship between actual inquiry-based methods practiced and teachers’ perception of which methods are most effective. Critical thinking or the process of

2

ascertaining the authenticity, accuracy and worth of information is a basic skill in social studies, w

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: kittybella34 on Dec 03, 2010
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09/20/2013

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Running head:  HOW TEACHNG METHODS EFFECT INQUIRY LEARNING                       1How Teaching Methods Effect Inquiry LearningChristina ConnollyUniversity of Rhode Island
 
HOW TEACHNG METHODS EFFECT INQUIRY LEARNING                                                2AbstractThis study investigates the relationship between actual inquiry-based methods practiced andteachers’ perception of which methods are most effective. Critical thinking or the process of ascertaining the authenticity, accuracy and worth of information is a basic skill in social studies,with that in mind one should understand what methods students need in order to solve thesekinds of critical thinking tasks.  Development of these skills is critical for students to learn inorder to become good citizens in a diverse society.  These skills and the knowledge gained ininquiry learning must be developed in order to make well-versed and logical decisions for the“public good”.  Critical thinking or the process of ascertaining the authenticity, accuracy andworth of information is a basic skill in social studies, with that in mind one should understandwhat methods students need in order to solve these kinds of critical thinking tasks. As apart oaddressing this issue I examined nine articles to further study the methods of inquiry instructionpracticed in the social studies classroom and teachers perception of the most effective strategiesfor social studies instruction.  The results of my study found a gap in what teachers perceive asthe most effective method and what they actually practice in their classrooms.
Keywords:
Inquiry, inquiry teaching, learning cycle
 
HOW TEACHNG METHODS EFFECT INQUIRY LEARNING                                                3
INTRODUCTION
When I look back to my elementary and middle school education, the times in which Ilearned the most was when I was involved in activities that included hands-on learning.  When Iwas stimulated to think beyond route memorization and was able to be involved with an activityhands on I learned a great deal more than reciting isolated facts.  When my teachers involvedinquiry learning into their lessons, I was pushed to think critically and look beyond what was infront of me and “think outside the box”.  I also recognized this in the third graders I observedwhile I was in my field practicum course.  When the students were engaged in inquiry learning,the majority of them were attentive and enjoying their lesson.  The more the teacher used smallgroups, and discussion as teaching strategies, the more engaged the students became.  Thesesituations were the inspiration for my journey to understand why teachers are not using inquirymethods more in their instruction especially in social studies.The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between actual inquiry-basedmethods practiced and teachers’ perception of which methods are most effective.  Do teacherspractice active forms of instruction in science and social studies classroom?  Active instructionas defined by Bolinger and Warren includes cooperative learning, discussion, role-playing, andclassroom projects. .  Upon conducting my research many questions arose while I wasresearching evidence to support my questions.  How does prior knowledge of inquiry-basedinstruction effect teaching methods? What teaching strategies work best when developingstudents’ ability to engage in inquiry?  What role must teachers play when using inquiry-basedmethods in the classroom?  With those questions in mind I began reading all the information Ifound on the subject.My research on inquiry-based teaching began in the Wilson Web reference databases

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