The idea of "punctuated equilibrium" is another example of changingthe theory of evolution to account for rapid change. Because there isa lack of evidence in the fossil record of very gradual change from onespecies to another, the idea of "punctuated equilibrium" has beenintroduced, which says that there have been sudden spurts anddramatic changes caused by mutations in various species. Again,gradual change is set aside, in favor of a theory of rapid change.Concerning the evolution of the human brain, there is a contradictoryschool of thought in Paleoneurology, that the evolution of the humanbrain has actually slowed down over the past couple of million years:
ScienceDaily (Dec. 29, 2006) — "Despite the explosive growth in sizeand complexity of the human brain, the pace of evolutionary changeamong the thousands of genes expressed in brain tissue has actuallyslowed since the split, millions of years ago, between human andchimpanzee, an international research team reports in the December26, 2006, issue of the journal, PLOS Biology."
"We found that genes expressed in the human brain have in factslowed down in their evolution, contrary to some earlier reports," saysstudy author Chung-I Wu, professor of ecology and evolution at theUniversity of Chicago. "The more complex the brain, it seems, themore difficult it becomes for brain genes to change...."
The article goes on to report, "Genes that are expressed only in thebrain evolved more slowly than those that are expressed in the brainas well as other tissues, and those genes evolved more slowly thangenes expressed throughout the rest of the organism."
"The authors attribute the slowdown to mounting complexity of interactions within the brain. "We know that proteins with moreinteracting partners evolve more slowly," Wu said. "Mutations thatdisrupt existing interactions aren't tolerated."
This article also acknowledges the problem presented by the apparent