Theorising „social‟ in social enterprise
(most CICs, CLGs, Charities)
–Where social enterprise is seen as „business with a social purpose‟, only the
of theenterprise is socialised.
Relationships are developed to pursue a (social) mission, and are justified if they
contribute to the organisation‟s mission to improve human well
The underlying management philosophy remains
, usually rooted in
„rationalist‟ and „managerialist‟ logic based on board control.
(IPSs, some CLSs, CICs/CLGs):
–Where social enterprise is seen as the „socialising‟ of entrepreneurial and business
–Relationships viewed as „ends‟ not „means‟: economic activity is selected on the basis
of its contribution to social well-being.
–Management philosophy is changed, based on concepts such as „mutuality‟, „reciprocity‟, „representative and/or direct democracy‟.
Duff, R. J. (2010b) “Social Rationality and its Implications for Social Entrepreneurial Thinking”, Plenary to
2010 Research Colloquium on Social Entrepreneurship
, Oxford University, 22