inclusion of additional criteria such ascost, production and joining aspectsuse of the proposals in a body conceptand revision.
requIreMents for CoMponentsand asseMBLIes
From the numerous requirements,which are imposed on components orassemblies, six criteria particularly rele-vant in the early concept phase havebeen chosen and form the basis of thetool:energy absorptionstructural integritystatic stiffnessnoise, vibration and harshness (NVH)formabilitysurface finish.::::::::Energy absorption, structural integrityand static stiffness are three requirements,which are closely interdependent. Theyare determined by different factors suchas crash concept and component geome-try and have to be defined depending onthe assembly like a specification. Due todifferent studies at ika and the expertknowledge of the working group of theSuperLight-Car (SLC) project, where,among others, representatives of sevenEuropean OEMs exchanged experiences,an evaluation matrix for stiffness require-ments has been generated and incorpo-rated into the material selection tool. Theexperience and the knowledge of thedevelopers play also an important roleregarding the remaining factors NVH,formability and surface finish, as theyevaluate the requirements.
shows theregistration and presentation of theserequirements in the program interface,which has been programmed for inputand output.
CreatIon of a dataBase
Materials are evaluated according to thesame criteria, which were determined bythe engineers for components and assem-blies,
. The evaluation of the propertiesis determined by material data providedby the manufacturer as well as by addi-tional information about surface qualityand a simulation database owned by ika.
CoMparIson of CoMponent requIreMents wIth the dataBase
The step of superposing componentrequirements and material propertiestakes place via the calculation of the devi-ation using the classical method of leastsquares. Here, the weighting factors areincluded, which helps the engineer toemphasise criteria of particular relevance.The result is a numerical value, whichdescribes the suitability of a material inthe sum of all requirements and weight-ings. The material selection tool repre-sents the result in a top 10 list includingthe deviation in a bar chart,
.In the next step, additional criteria suchas cost, availability of simulation data,manufacturing processes, joining informa-tion and corrosion properties areincluded. These criteria are classifiedusing different methods and may addi-tionally be selected. As a result, materialsare excluded, which are suitable in physi-cal terms but do not (yet) meet all neces-sary demands in the practical application.
MethodICaL desCrIptIonof MaterIaL propertIes
The methodical description of materialproperties represents the most importantelement for the successful application of the material pre-selection methodology. Itensures that proposals generated in theearly concept phase are also applicablewith high probability in a final body con-cept or a mass production body-in-white.For the description of the properties, thesame criteria like the requirement evalua-tion of the components have to be ana-lysed. Individual physical criteria for the
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