Figure 2. The postures of front and side view.
The spatial resolution method, the ratio for direct mapping of pixel to actual length, is used to replace the camera calibrationfor simplification. By that way, the actual length of object canbe calculated if the pixels belong to object length in the imageis knew. Since the actual width of four fingers is known, thespatial resolution of system can be obtained by counting thepixels belong to width of four fingers in image.
The purposes of this part are to extract the human bodyshape from captured image and label the skin regions, wherewithout clothes covered. To extract the correct human bodyshape is very important for 2D anthropometric measurement,because the error at the extracted human body shape will beamplified in final result of anthropometric data. The extractionof human body shape is performed by automatic imagesegmentation , which uses color edge extraction andseeded region growing (SRG) to do image segmentation. Thepurpose of SRG is to merge the part of the same homogeneousregion. It is also possibility that some regions are actually partof the same homogeneous region but have been split becausethe initial given seeds for them are different. Hence, theselected region seed should represent the distinguishingcharacter of the corresponding region. For our application, thecentroids of head, limbs, and body trunk are good as the seedsfor object generation. So we chose six centriods of head, rightand left hand (palm), body trunk, and right and left foot (sole of foot) as seeds for region growing. Except for the centriod of body trunk, the regions for seed selected are all belong to skinregion. For this reason, the skin detection method developed byAlbiol et al.  is used to extract skin color pixels and medianfilter is applied to eliminate the isolated pixel. Through theconnected component labeling method, the skin region can belabeled as head, right and left hand (palm), and right and leftfoot (sole of foot). The centriod of body trunk is defined as themass center of triangle which vertices are the centriods of head,right hand, and left hand. Fig. 3(a) shows the edges of capturedfront image by performing the Sobel edge detector and Fig. 3(b)shows the obtained skin area. By performing the SRG, thehuman body mask, Fig. 3(c), can be acquired.In order to access the spatial resolution described in sectionII.
, the pixel belong to four fingers width must be counted.The definition of four-finger width is the width of four closedfingers at the position of second forefinger knuckle and Fig. 4illustrates the four-finger width. Actually, the correct position
Figure 3. The segmentation of the body from the background. (a) edges (b)skin area (c) human body mask Figure 4. Illustrate the definition of four-finger width.
of second knuckle of forefinger is hard to recognize, especiallyin silhouette. Hence, the four-finger width is calculated for theaverage width at the restricted region around second knuckle of forefinger.There are two steps to extract the width of four fingers in2D image. The first step is to rotate the right hand skin regionto horizontal with the rotation angle, which is defined as theangle between the axis of right hand skin region and horizontalaxis of image. The second step is to make a histogram of horizontal right hand skin region, and the average width forfour-finger width
, can be defined as:1()-1
(1)-2(-)() , ()33
= + = +
) denotes the histogram value at the position
is theposition of fingertip of middle finger, and
is the positionwhere has the maximum histogram value. Take Fig. 5(a) as anexample, the measured data
are 40 and 72, and the data
can also be calculated as 51 and 61 respectively.
Chinese medicine acupuncture theory for locating position
Acupuncture is originated in China and has a long history.Along with the accumulation of clinical experience,acupuncture treatment has become a developed theory.Acupuncture is the procedure of inserting filiform needles intovarious acupuncture points on the body to relieve pain or for
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 8, November 201022http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500