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SIP and RSW: A Comparative Evaluation Study

SIP and RSW: A Comparative Evaluation Study

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Published by ijcsis
Voice over internet protocol (VoIP) is a technology that uses Internet to transmit voice digital information. The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) and Real time Switching (RSW) are signaling protocols that emerged as a new VoIP which gained popularity among VoIP products. In literature, many comparative studies have been conducted to evaluate signaling protocols, but none of them addressed the targeted protocols. In this paper, we make a comparative evaluation and analysis for SIP and RSW using Mean Opinion Score rating (MOS). We found that RSW performs better than SIP under different networks in terms of (packet delays).
Voice over internet protocol (VoIP) is a technology that uses Internet to transmit voice digital information. The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) and Real time Switching (RSW) are signaling protocols that emerged as a new VoIP which gained popularity among VoIP products. In literature, many comparative studies have been conducted to evaluate signaling protocols, but none of them addressed the targeted protocols. In this paper, we make a comparative evaluation and analysis for SIP and RSW using Mean Opinion Score rating (MOS). We found that RSW performs better than SIP under different networks in terms of (packet delays).

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Published by: ijcsis on Dec 04, 2010
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(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 8, 2010
SIP and RSW: A Comparative Evaluation Study
Mahmoud Baklizi
1
, Nibras Abdullah
1
, Omar Abouabdalla
1
, Sima Ahmadpour
1
.1: National Advanced IPv6 Centre of Excellence1: Universiti Sains Malaysia1: Penang, Malaysia1: {mbaklizi, abdullahfaqera, omar, sima}@nav6.org
 Abstract
— Voice over internet protocol (VoIP) is a technologythat uses Internet to transmit voice digital information. TheSession Initiation Protocol (SIP) and Real time Switching (RSW)are signaling protocols that emerged as a new VoIP which gainedpopularity among VoIP products. In literature, manycomparative studies have been conducted to evaluate signalingprotocols, but none of them addressed the targeted protocols. Inthis paper, we make a comparative evaluation and analysis forSIP and RSW using Mean Opinion Score rating (MOS). Wefound that RSW performs better than SIP under differentnetworks in terms of (packet delays).
 Keywords- VoIP; MOS; InterAsterisk eXchange Protocol; Real Time Switching Control Criteria and Session Initiation protocol.
 
I.
 
I
NTRODUCTION
Nowadays, the use of distributed computer network systemshas been increased in many areas of government, academiaand industry. Video conferencing system is one of computer-based communication applications. The idea of videoconferencing appeared for the first time in the 1920s [1]. Thetask of video conferencing concentrates on individuals to betogether in space and time, and makes groups more effectiveat their work by applying different services such as telephonyservice over IP networks that are known as IP telephony orVoice over IP. VoIP communication usually consists of twoprotocols: (i) Signaling protocols that are used to setup a voiceconversation and manage voice sessions (ii) Media transferprotocols that are used for exchanging voice data traffic duringone session lifetime. [2]. One of the most important functionsin the VoIP infrastructure is signaling session. Signalingsession should be by any VoIP protocol before transmittingany media type. Therefore, it allows various network components to communicate with each other to setup and totear down calls [3]. Recently, there is strong focus on thedevelopment of scalable VoIP protocols, such as SIP, RSWand IAX.Large efforts have been done to study SIP. It was standardizedin the IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) RFC 2543 andfurther extended in RFC 3261.It is used for creating,modifying, and terminating sessions with one or moreparticipants [5][6].Session Initiation Protocol has many features: (i) the service of text-based which allows easy implementation in objectoriented programming languages such as Java and Perl. Theseallow easy debugging, and most importantly make SIP flexibleand extensible. (ii) Less signaling. (iii) transport-layer-protocol neutral (iv) parallel search [5][7].Real time Switching appeared in late 1993 as a controlmechanism for multimedia conferencing. It was designed byNetwork Research Group (NRG) in school of computerscience-University Science Malaysia (USM) .The goal of RSW Control Criteria is how to conduct a conference around ameeting table [8][9][10]. Moreover, RSW is used to handletwo issues in multimedia conferencing. The first one is tohandle the confusion generated while everyone tries to speak at the same time. The second issue is the tremendous amountof network traffic generated by all participating sites [6].More recently, InterAsterisk exchange protocol has beenemerged as new protocol that improved the voice quality. Ithas also many features such as simplicity, NAT-friendliness,efficiency and robustness [2][3]. There are several goals forthis protocol. The main goals of this protocol are (i)Minimizing bandwidth usage for signaling and media transfer,with a particular emphasis on voice (ii) Ensuring NATtransparency (iii) Ability to exchange dial plans (iv) Efficientimplementation of intercom and paging features. On the otherhand, IAX can be used with different types of streaming mediasuch as video and voice calls [4]. In this paper, we haveselected two case studies that depend on IAX protocol. In thefirst case study, the researchers made comparison betweenIAX and RSW [3]. While in the second case study theresearchers compared between IAX and SIP [2]. According tothe last two comparisons, we have made a comparativeevaluation of SIP and RSW by using Mean Opinion Scorerating (MOS).II.
 
R
ELATED
W
ORK
 Before transmitting any media, the signaling session, which isthe most important function in VoIP, allows different network components to communicate between each other to set up andterminate calls. Mean Opinion Score (MOS) is used as amethod to assess call quality. In addition, it is used to measuresubjective voice quality. To measure network performance, weuse the MOS rating which is the most widely used assessmenttechnique. The listening subjects were given a scale from 1 to
117http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 8, 2010
5, where 1 = bad, 2 = poor, 3 = fair, 4 = good, and 5 =excellent [11].Recently, there are many researchers concentrated on thisfunction and compared between different VoIP protocols. Thestudy conducted by [2] compared the performance betweenIAX and SIP protocols. They have indicated that bothprotocols perform comparably in the presence of fixed delay.Therefore IAX appeared to perform slightly better as shown inFigure 1 [2].
Figure 1: Packet Delay - SIP versus IAX [2]
The researchers in [3] compared the performance betweenIAX and RSW protocols. They indicated that both protocolsperform comparably in the presence of fixed delay. ThereforeIAX appeared to perform slightly better than RSW as shownin Figure 2 [3].
Figure 2: Packet Delay - RSW versus IAX [3]
III.
 
A
NALYSIS AND
E
VALUATION
 The predicated evaluation is based on previous twocomparisons that were conducted by [2] and [3]. We can seethat the packet delay in IAX is better than that in SIP andRSW. The gained results are extracted using the SPSSstatistical tool. The Interclass Correlation Coefficientstatistical test is used to analyze IAX with comparison to theprevious two studies. As a result, the correlation between thetwo variables is high. The single measure Interclasscorrelation coefficient is 0.995, the test value for absoluteagreement is 0.99999, and
 p
is approximately equal to 1. TheIAX protocol regression formula and curve were identical inprevious two studies. An indirect comparison between RSWand SIP was made directly in terms of fixed packet delay.Figure 3 indicates that the RSW protocol performs slightlybetter in the presence of fixed packet delay than SIP protocol.
Figure 3: Packet Delay - SIP versus RSW
C
ONCLUSION
 This paper suited the performance of the RSW and SIP in termof packet delay. From the evaluation and analysis, weconclude that RSW achieves more improvement than SIP inVoIP in relation to packet delay via the MOS score. Furtherresearch on RSW control criteria and SIP protocols and theirperformance under various conditions is recommended.Acknowledgment
We would like to thank Hani Mimi and Abdullah Dahbalifor their support and guidance throughout the study andanalysis.
R
EFERENCES
 
[1]
 
E. M. Schooler, “Conferencing and collaborative computing,”Multimedia Systems. Vol. 4, pp. 210-225, 1996[2]
 
T. Abbasi, S. Prasad, N. Seddigh, and I. Lambadaris, "A comparativestudy of the SIP and IAX VoIP protocols," Electrical and ComputerEngineering, Canadian Conference, pp.179-183, 1-4 May 2005[3]
 
S. Manjur, M. Mosleh, O. Abouabdalla, W. Tat , and A. Manasrah,“Comparative Evaluation and Analysis of IAX and RSW,”(IJCSIS).Vol.6,2009
118http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500

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