Image enhancement is one of the major researchfields in image processing. In many applications such asmedical application, military application, media etc., theimage enhancement plays an important role. There are manytechniques proposed by different authors in order to removethe noise from the image and produce the clear visual of theimage. Also, there are many filters and image smoothingmethods available. All these available techniques are designedfor particular kind of noises. Recently, neural networks turn tobe a very effective tool to support the image enhancement.Neural network is applied in image enhancement because itprovides many advantages over the other techniques. Also,neural network can be suitable for removal of all kinds of noises based on its training data. This paper provides surveyabout some of the techniques applied for image enhancement.This survey deals with the several existing methods for imageenhancement using neural networks.
Image Enhancement, Image Denoising, NeuralNetwork, Image Filter, Image Restoration.I.
The intention of image enhancement is to improve theinterpretability or perception of data in images for humanvisual or to provide better input for other automated imageprocessing techniques.Image enhancement methods can be broadly divided into twocategories:
Spatial domain methods, which involves directoperation on image pixels, and
Frequency domain methods, which involves Fouriertransform of an image for its operation.Regrettably, there is no general theory for determining whatgood image enhancement is when it comes to humanperception. If it looks good, it is good! However, when imageenhancement methods are used as pre-processing tools forother image processing methods, then quantitative measurescan decide which techniques are most suitable.Image Restoration is the technique of retaining the originalimage from the degraded image given the knowledge of thedegrading factors. There are a variety of reasons that couldcause degradation of an image and image restoration is one of the key fields in today's Digital Image Processing due to itswide area of applications. Commonly occurring degradationsinclude blurring, motion and noise. Blurring can be causedwhen object in the image is outside the camera’s depth of fieldsometime during the exposure, whereas motion blur can becaused when an object moves relative to the camera during anexposure. The general model for image degradationphenomenon is given as y = Hf + n, where y is the observedblurred and noisy image, f is the original image, n is additiverandom noise and H is the blurring operator. The mainobjective is to estimate the original image from the observeddegraded image. Whatever the degraded process, imagedistortions can fall into two categories, namely, spatiallyinvariant or space invariant and spatially variant or spacevariant. In a space invariant distortion all pixels have sufferedthe same form of distortion. This is generally caused byproblems with the imaging system such as distortions inoptical system, global lack of focus, or camera motion. In aspace variant distortion, the degradation suffered by a pixel inthe image depends upon its location in the image. This isbecause of internal factors, such as distortions in the opticalsystem, or by external factors, such as object motion. Thissurvey provides many techniques available for imageenhancement.II.
 proposed a Morphological Neural Network forcolor image restoration. This paper considers the problem of color image restoration degraded by a blur function andcorrupted by random noise. A new approach developed bymultilayer morphological (MLM) neural network is presented,which uses highly nonlinear morphological neuron for imageprocessing to get a high quality restored color image. In thispaper color images are considered into RGB distribution. Theneach subspace can be considered as a gray image space and isprocessed by morphological way used in gray images. Thismethod is advantageous because of its low computationaloverhead, improved performance in terms of signal to noiseratio with less number of neurons.Gallo
 presented an adaptive image restoration usinglocal neural approach. This work aims at usage of neurallearning for defining and experimentally evaluating aniterative strategy for blind image restoration in the presence of
A Survey on Digital Image Enhancement Techniques
Research scholar, Karpagam University,
Director of MCA , karpagam Engineering College, Coimbatore, India.
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 8, November 2010173http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500