specific tasks (e.g., the particular subclasses needed tointerpret a user’s specific query).Social quality (O) imitates the fact that agents andontologies exist in communities. The authority of an ontologyis nothing but the number of other ontologies that link to it(define their terms using its definitions). More authoritativeontologies indicate that the knowledge they provide isaccurate or useful. The history indicates the number of timesthe ontology is accessed. Ontologies are more dependablewhen they are with longer histories.The cohesion (Coh) of a KB is nothing but the number of separate connected components (SCC) of the graphrepresenting the KB.The fullness (F) of a class C
is defined as the actual numberof instances that belong to the subtree rooted at C
(I))compared to the expected number of instances that belong tothe subtree rooted at C
`(I)).The readability (Rd) of a class C
is defined as the total of the number attributes that are comments and the number of attributes that are labels the class has.Amjad
 provided the Web-Ontology DesignQuality Metrics. The author proposes design metrics for web-ontology  by maintaining certain recommended principleslike a metric may reach its highest value for perfect quality forexcellent case and vice versa that is it may reach its lowestlevel for worst case. It is supposed to be monotonic, clear, andintuitive. It must correlate well with human decisions and itshould be automated if possible. The proposed metrics maygive notification about how much knowledge can be derivedfrom a given webontology; how much it is relevant to a user’sspecific necessities and how much it is effortless to reuse,manage, trace and adapt. The metrics provided by the authorare Knowledge Enriched (KnE), Characteristics Relevancy(ChR) and Domains modularity (DoM).
Knowledge Enriched metric
The reasoning capability of a web-ontology is determinedby Knowledge Enriched (KnE) metric, and it is based on twosub-metrics so-called Isolated Axiom Enriched (IAE) metricand Overlapped Axiom Enriched (OAE) metric. There arethree parts in this axiom namely, predicate, resource andobject. If none of these is similar with any other axiom of identical domain then that axiom is termed as isolated axiom.If the two axioms have some similar parts, it is said to beoverlapped. There may be more than a few transitivelyoverlapped axioms in any domain. This metric determines thepercentage of IAE and OAE, and if the former is greater thanthe later one, then the web-ontology can be regarded as lessknowledge enriched. IAE is officially defined as the ratio of total number of isolated axioms (tIAs) to the total number of domain axioms (tDAs).
(1)In the above equation, n is total number of sub-domains of web-ontology. Similarly, the OAE metric is officially definedas ratio of total number of overlapped axioms (tOAs) to thetotal number of domain axioms. It can be written as follows:
(2)In the equation given above, n is total number of sub-domains of web-ontology. Lastly, the KnE metric is thedifference of total number of overlapped axioms and the totalnumber of isolated axioms. It may be written as follows:
(3)If the resultant KnE value is positive, then the web-ontologyis more knowledge enriched, if it is zero, then the web-ontology is average knowledge enriched, and if it is negative,then the web-ontology is less knowledge enriched.
Characteristics Relevancy metric
Characteristics Relevancy (ChR) metric gives us thesuggestion about how much a given web-ontology is close to auser’s specific necessities and the degree of reusability of theweb-ontology. Formally, it is termed as the ratio of thenumber of relevant attributes (nRAs) in a class to the totalnumber of attributes (TnAs) of that class. It can be written asfollows:
(4)where n in above equation represents the total number of classes in the provided web-ontology. ChR metric reveals theproportion of relevant attributes in the web-ontology, and thisnumber gives insights how much a web-ontology is relevant.
Domain Modularity metric
Domain modularity (DoM) metric denotes the component-orientation feature of a web-ontology. This metric specifiesthe grouping of knowledge in different components of web-ontology. The webontology is best manageable, traceable,reusable and adaptable, if it is designed in components(subdomains). Formally, the DoM metric is given as thenumber of sub-domains (NSD) contained in a webontology.This metric also depends on the coupling and cohesion levels of sub-domains, and it is directly proportional to itscohesion level and inversely proportional to its coupling level.
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 8, November 2010181http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500