(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 8, November 2010
simulation methodology for our implementation. Therest of simulation parameters shown in the Table below.
TABLE I. SIMULATION PARAMETERSFig.3. Simulation Methodology
We have consider packet delivery ratio, end to end delay,protocol control overhead and normalized routing loadas a metrics during our simulation in order to evaluatethe performance of the DSR protocol.
Packet Delivery Fractions (PDF):
the packet deliveryratio is calculated by dividing the number of packetsreceived by the destination through the number of originates packets by the application layer of the initiator.PDF is specifying the loss packets rate, which limits themaximum throughput over the entire network. The morecomplete and correct routing protocol, the better packetdelivery ratio.
Average end to end delay
: this is defined as the averagedelay in transmission of a packet between two nodes andis calculated as follows:
AED = ∑
Time packet received
–time packet sent
Total number of packets received
A higher value of end-to-end delay means that thenetwork is congested and hence the routing protocoldoes not perform well. The upper bound on the values of end-to-end delay is determined by the application.
Protocol Control Overhead:
This is the ratio of thenumber of protocol control packets transmitted to thenumber of data packets received.
Normalized routing load:
this is calculated as the ratiobetween the numbers of routing packets transmitted tothe number of packets actually received (thus accountingfor any dropped packets):
This metric gives an analysis of routing protocolefficiency, since the number of routing packets sent perdata packet gives an idea of how well the protocolmaintains the routing information updated. The lowerof NRL, the lower the overhead of routing protocol andconsequently the higher the efficiency of the protocol.VII.
ESULTS AND DISCUSSION
In this section, details of the simulation results in termof packet-delivery fraction, average end to end delay,protocol overhead, and normalized routing load. All theresults were obtained by averaging 5 times over thesimulation for every scenario in order to select theoptimal setting for the maximum speed.
Packet Delivery Fraction (PDF)
This metric with high packet delivery ratio, routingprotocol will be more efficient. Figure 4, shows thatpacked delivery ratio is decreased in first scenariowhenever increasing node speed. As above stated, ithas been taken four main scenarios and each of thismain contains four sub-scenarios which means 4x4 =16 scenarios have been taken in this experiment. Ineach of these experiments of sub-scenarios, the nodespeed increases while other parameters are constant. InFigure 4, shows that the optimal setting is 20 speedsamong all of the four scenarios in term of packetdelivery ratio.
Simulation Time 200 s No. of Nodes 10, 20, 40, 80 No. of connections 4, 8, 30, 40Pause Time 40 sSimulation Area 1000 x 500 mTraffic Type Constant Bit Rate (CBR) Maximum Speed 20 ,40,60,80 m/s Mobility Model Random Waypoint Routing Protocol DSR MAC Type 802.11