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Buckwheat Science Factsheet

Buckwheat Science Factsheet

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Published by Kalogeraki Douka

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Published by: Kalogeraki Douka on Dec 04, 2010
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02/04/2012

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BUCKWHEAT Science Page
DID YOU KNOW?
Roasted buckwheat is calledkasha. You can boil kashauntil it is soft, and eat it as acereal or add it to manymain dishes.
Kasha is a basicfood in Russia andEastern Europe.
ORIGINS
Buckwheat is native to theHimalayas in southernChina.
The Chinese were growingbuckwheat over a thousand yearsago.
CLASSIFYING BUCKWHEAT
FAMILY
Polygonaceae(Buckwheat family)
In Greek, this means “many joints.” The stems havemany joints or swellings.There are about 1,000species in this family,which includes manyedible plants.
GENUS
Fagopyrum 
In Latin, this means “beechwheat.” The fruit looks like thenut from a beech tree.
SPECIES
esculentum 
In Latin, this means “edible.” 
THE BUCKWHEAT PLANT
The buckwheat plant growsto about one meter high.
Leaves areshaped liketriangles.
GROWING BUCKWHEAT
In Japan,noodlescalled “soba” aremade frombuckwheatflour.
NUTRIENT VALUE
Buckwheat contains plenty of protein, B vitamins, andminerals.
Fruits areshaped likelittle pyramids.
In two weeks buckwheat will make adense cover over the soil. I’ll cut itwhen it flowers. It will rot quicklyand add lots of organic matter tothe soil.
USES
Buckwheat is a multipurposecrop. It makes a good covercrop, because it smothersweeds very well. You can feedit to animals. You canroast the fruit tomake kasha, orgrind it tomake flour.
One cup of buckwheat flour has thesame amount of......proteinas 3 hotdogs....calcium as 1/6cup of milk...potassium as 2cups of milk
 
The white flowersare at the ends of branched stems.
buckwheatsugar beetrhubarbknotweed
Plant in the springor fall. Sprinkleabout 1 tablespoonof seeds persquare meter.Rake in and water.
buckwheat fruitbeech nut
Garden Mosaics is funded by the National Science Foundation Informal Science Education program, and bythe College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell University.
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