E1 Background to the Project
It is recognised that Pelton turbine technology may be used effectively over a relatively widerange head and flow conditions when compared to other turbine categories and is suitable for many medium and high head sites. The technology is proven and the overall concept isreasonably simple.The purpose of this project has been to research, design and partially test two key componentsof a low cost Pelton turbine suitable for smaller UK sites and the export market. Thesecomponents are the concentric casing surrounding the turbine and the turbine runner,specifically investigating bolted runner bucket technology.
From a previous assessment of the Gilkes range of Pelton turbines, two key facts haveemerged from this work:-
The vertical shaft Pelton turbine configuration offers the most flexibility (and potentialleast cost).
The runner represents 40% of the turbine cost.This project has concentrated on both of these facts by investigating and developing:-(i) The Concentric Case Vertical Shaft Pelton (
).(ii) Bolted Runner Bucket (
E2 Aims & Objectives of the Project
The projects aim was to achieve the following specific targets:-
To research and investigate two specific areas of alternative design for Pelton turbinesand consider the hydro generating unit as a standardised product
To use computer aided design methods to analyse options in each area
To produce viable designs for prototype manufacture
To factory test the prototype design modifications
Ultimately, to engineer substantial cost savings into a flexible, standardised Low CostPelton turbine which itself will enable savings to be made in the powerhouse construction
E3 Bolted Runner Bucket Technology
The development of the BRB during the project has resulted in an innovation that has the potential to lead to substantial cost savings in runner manufacture. A UK patent has beenapplied for to protect the invention. This will be extended to cover each country where acompetitor operates.A thorough testing program has shown the BRB will reduce manufacturing time and improve production control without compromising on operating performance.