Hybrid JPEG Compression Using Histogram BasedSegmentation
, K.Senthamarai Kannan
and Y.Jacob Vetha Raj
Department of Computer Science, Sadakathullah Appa College, Tirunelveli, Indiammdsadiq@gmail.com
Department of Statistics, Manonmanium Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Indiasenkannan2002@gmail.com firstname.lastname@example.orgAbstract--
Image compression is an inevitable solution forimage transmission since the channel bandwidth is limited andthe demand is for faster transmission. Storage limitation is alsoforcing to go for image compression as the color resolution andspatial resolutions are increasing according to qualityrequirements. JPEG compression is a widely used compressiontechnique. JPEG compression method uses linear quantizationand threshold values to maintain certain quality in an entireimage. The proposed method estimates the vitality of the blockof the image and adapts variable quantization and thresholdvalues. This ensures that the vital area of the image is highlypreserved than the other areas of the image. This hybridapproach increases the compression ratio and produces adesired high quality output image..
Image Compression, Edge-Detection,Segmentation. Image Transformation, JPEG,Quantization.I. INTRODUCTION
Every day, an enormous amount of information is stored, processed, and transmitted digitally.Companies provide business associates, investors, andpotential customers with financial data, annual reports,inventory, and product information over the Internet. Andmuch of the online information is graphical or pictorial innature; the storage and communications requirements areimmense. Methods of compressing the data prior to storageand/or transmission are of significant practical andcommercial interest.Compression techniques fall under two broadcategories such as lossless and lossy. The formeris particularly useful in image archiving and allows theimage to be compressed and decompressed without losingany information. And the later, provides higher levels of data reduction but result in a less than perfect reproductionof the original image. Lossy compression is useful inapplications such as broadcast television,videoconferencing, and facsimile transmission, in whichcertain amount of error is an acceptable trade-off forincreased compression performance. The foremost aim of image compression is to reduce the number of bits neededto represent an image. In lossless image compressionalgorithms, the reconstructed image is identical to theoriginal image. Lossless algorithms, however, are limitedby the low compression ratios they can achieve. Lossycompression algorithms, on the other hand, are capable of achieving high compression ratios. Though thereconstructed image is not identical to the original image,lossy compression algorithms obtain high compressionratios by exploiting human visual properties.Vector quantization , , wavelet transformation , - techniques are widely used in addition tovarious other methods- in image compression. Theproblem in lossless compression is that, the compressionratio is very less; where as in the lossy compression thecompression ratio is very high but may loose vitalinformation of the image. Some of the works carried out inhybrid image compression - incorporated differentcompression schemes like PVQ and DCTVQ in a singleimage compression. But the proposed method uses lossycompression method with different quality levels based onthe context to compress a single image by avoiding thedifficulties of using side information for imagedecompression in .The proposed method performs a hybridcompression, which makes a balance on compression ratioand image quality by compressing the vital parts of theimage with high quality. In this approach the main subjectin the image is very important than the background image.Considering the importance of image components, and theeffect of smoothness in image compression, this methodsegments the image as main subject and background, thenthe background of the image is subjected to low qualitylossy compression and the main subject is compressed withhigh quality lossy compression. There are enormousamount of work on image compression is carried out bothin lossless    and lossy   compression.Very few works are carried out for Hybrid Imagecompression -.In the proposed work, for image compression, theedge detection, segmentation, smoothing and dilationtechniques are used. For edge detection, segmentation, smoothing and dilation, there are lots of work hasbeen carried out ,. A novel and a time efficientmethod to detect edges and segmentation used in theproposed work are described in section II, section III givesa detailed description of the proposed method, the resultsand discussion are given in section IV and the concludingremarks are given in section V.
II. BACKGROUNDA. JPEG CompressionComponents of Image Compression System (JPEG).
Image compression system consists of three closelyconnected components namely
Source encoder (DCT based)
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 8, November 2010300http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500