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Table Of Contents

1Introduction
1.1The Guide
1.2Clarification of key terms
2Summary — The quick guide
2.1What needs to be done?
2.1.1Agreements between the developer and the DNSP
2.1.2Getting new connection infrastructure built
2.2Connection Costs and timescales
3Overview of the Australian electricity market and supply industry
3.1Commercial and regulatory issues
3.1.1The commercial structure of the industry
3.1.2Trading in the NEM
3.2Technical description of electricity networks
3.2.1Generation, transmission and distribution
3.2.2Control of System Frequency
3.2.3Interconnected electricity networks
3.2.4Protection in distribution networks
3.2.5Distribution network planning
3.2.6Control and operation of the distribution network
4Statutory framework for connection of embedded generators
4.1Statutory and licensing requirements for generators
4.1.1Generator licensing
4.1.2DNSP fees for generator Application for Connection
4.1.3Statement of system capacity and loading
4.1.4Non-discrimination in the provision of connections
4.1.5Requirement to offer terms for connection
4.1.6Resolution of disputes
4.2State Distribution Code requirements
4.2.1Provision of generator information
4.2.2Requirements for the design of the generator installation
4.4The Connection Agreement
5Connection applications, costs and charges
5.1Costs of connection infrastructure
5.2Basis of DNSP connection charges
5.2.1Initial costs and O&M costs
5.2.2Return on investment
5.2.3Allocation of costs
5.3 Other charges
5.3.1Distribution use-of-system charges
5.3.2Standby charges
5.3.3Transmission use of system charges
5.3.4Metering and data management charges
5.4 Multiple applications
5.4.1Allocation of network capacity
5.4.2Sharing costs between generation schemes
6Competition in connections
6.1DNSP connections
6.2Third party connections
6.2.1Contestable Work and Non-Contestable Work
6.2.2Contractor approval
6.2.3Practicalities of third party connections
7Embedded generators and their effects ondistribution networks
7.1Characteristics of generating plant
7.1.1Size and rating
7.1.2Export level
7.1.3Characteristics of generation technologies
7.2Effects of generators on distribution networks
7.2.1System or network studies
7.2.2Thermal ratings
7.2.3Voltage control issues
7.2.4Fault level contribution
7.2.5Reverse power flows
7.2.6Voltage flicker
7.2.7Harmonics
7.2.8Voltage and Current Unbalance
8 Protection, earthing and safety
8.1Approval of generating plant protection and earthing design
8.2Protection systems
8.2.1 Protecting the generating plant against internal and external risks
8.2.2 Protection systems that impact on network security
8.2.3Switchgear
8.2.4Protection schemes
8.2.5Protection performance requirements
8.2.6Loss of mains protection
8.2.7Detection of earth leakage currents in HV networks
8.2.9Auxiliary supplies
8.4.6Modifications to the generating plant installation
9.1.5Submission of a connection enquiry to the DNSP
9.1.7Submission of an Application for Connection to the DNSP
9.5.3Safe working areas, procedures and warning notices
10Glossary of terms and abbreviations
11Appendix A — Potential issues
13Appendix B — Typical network information required from aDNSP
14Appendix C – Project development checklists
15Appendix D – Characteristics of generating plant ∆
15.1Synchronous Generators
15.2Asynchronous Generators
15.3Static Plant
15.3.2Self Commutated Static Inverter
15.3.3Line Commutated Static Inverter
16Appendix E — Power factor and reactive power
17Appendix F — Fault levels
17.1Faults and fault paths
17.1.1Types of faults
17.1.2Fault level and fault infeeds
17.1.3Sub-transient, transient and synchronous fault infeeds
17.1.4Calculation of fault infeeds and fault levels
18Appendix G — Protection schemes
18.1Interconnection protection schemes
18.2Generator protection schemes
19Appendix H — Standards and other documents
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BCSE Technical Guide for Connection_1

BCSE Technical Guide for Connection_1

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Published by: abdulaziz19578155 on Dec 05, 2010
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10/23/2012

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