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Causes and Effects of Water Pollution

Causes and Effects of Water Pollution

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Published by Fadil

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Published by: Fadil on Dec 06, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Causes and Effects of Water Pollution
What are the causes of water pollution? This question has no simple answer. Water  pollution can be defined as anything humans do to cause harmful effects to our  bodies of water. This can include pollution of rivers, lakes, oceans, and groundwater pollution. The causes of pollution in the water are virtually endless.Manufacturing plants are major causes of water pollution, using bodies of freshwater to carry away waste that can contain phosphates, nitrates, lead, mercury andother harmful and toxic substances. Even the hot water that factories oftendischarge can raise the temperature and change the chemistry of bodies of water,causing whats called thermal pollution. Construction byproducts are another one of the major causes of water pollution: cement, metals, plastics and lubricantsare the usual culprits. In addition to large industry, individual consumers round upthe list of causes of water pollution. We pour our waste chemicals and detergentsinto our rivers. Small boats and large ships alike are responsible for spilling oil intoour seas and oceans, and dropping untreated sewage into the water. These pollutants are carried by waves to even the most remote parts of our oceans.Its not just large bodies of water that we need to worry about. The entire world, particularly places close to big cities, faces the problem of ground water pollution.Ground water pollution occurs when harmful elements, such as oil, debris,chemicals and other contaminants get washed up by rainwater and then seep back into underground water supplies called ground water. Ground water is oftenharvested through the use of wells and aquifers and makes its way back into our drinking supply.We now know some of the common causes of water pollution. But what are theeffects of water pollution? The effects of pollution in the water are myriad. Inrivers, oceans and seas, the water pollution can be lethal, killing the fish and plantlife. This in turn can kill the birds and other animals that eat this contaminated foodsupply. The effects of water pollution have also been considered the leading causeof human deaths worldwide. Almost every type of contamination found in water has a detrimental effect on humans. Blood diseases, heart disease and nervoussystem disorders are commonly linked to the effects of water pollution. Many of the toxins found in polluted water are carcinogenic, which means they can causecancer. Some substances can even effect generations to come by changing the

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