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Relational Algebra Calculus

Relational Algebra Calculus

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Published by Minh_Tran_7326
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Published by: Minh_Tran_7326 on Dec 06, 2010
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The Relational Algebraand Relational Calculus
Silberschatz Text: 6
 
R.Algebra Slide -2
What are Relational Algebra, Relational Calculus?
Relational AlgebraA basic set of operations to manipulate the databaseProcedural, specify how to retrieve, incorporated in SQLProvides formal foundation for relational model operationsUsed as a basis for implementing and optimizing queries inRDBMS
Relational CalculusA higher-level declarative notation for specifying queriesNon-procedural, specify only what is to be retrievedFirm basis in mathematical logicTuple Calculus: operates over the rowsDomain Calculus: operates over the columns
 
R.Algebra Slide -3
Topics to cover
Basic Relational Algebra Operations
Set
(
∪, ∩
,, X)
Specific for relational database
(
σ, π,
,
ρ
, ÷)
Unary (single relation) and Binary (2 relations)
Additional Relational Algebra Operations
Aggregate Functions and Grouping
Recursive Closure OperationsOUTER JOIN Operations]><[The OUTER UNION Operation
Tuple Relational Calculus
SQL based on Relational calculus
Domain Relational Calculus
QBE based on Domain Calculus

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