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WashU Fudan Youth MOU

WashU Fudan Youth MOU

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Published by Angel Hsu
A Memorandum of Understanding between undergraduate students from the Washington University-St. Louis and Fudan University as to points of common ground between their two countries in the UN Cancun Climate Summit (COP-16).
A Memorandum of Understanding between undergraduate students from the Washington University-St. Louis and Fudan University as to points of common ground between their two countries in the UN Cancun Climate Summit (COP-16).

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Published by: Angel Hsu on Dec 06, 2010
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12/06/2010

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Washington University in St. Louis, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, Missouri 63130-4899
Memorandum of Understanding
 
BETWEEN STUDENT DELEGATES FROM THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF
 
CHINA AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AT THE FIRST U.S.-CHINA
 
UNDERGRADUATE CONFERENCE ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND
 
SUSTAINABILITY CONVENED AT WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY IN ST.
 
LOUIS
!
 
 Recognizing that the United States and China need to take the lead in fighting climate
 
change on a global scale;
 
Understanding that current commitments are not sufficient to avoid the catastrophic
 
consequences of climate change;
 
 Aspiring to establish a sounder relationship between China and the United States while
 
recognizing the role and responsibility of students to initiate dialogue between the two
 
countries;
 
The delegates at the U.S.-China Undergraduate Conference on Climate Change and 
 
Sustainability, hereinafter referred to as the “Delegates,” representing the People's
 
 Republic of China and the United States of America, hereinafter referred to as the
 
"Parties," in order to support the Sixteenth Conference of Parties (COP-16) meeting of 
 
the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), convened at 
 
Washington University-St. Louis, and formally signed in November 2010, hereinafter
 
referred to as the "MOU," have reached the following understandings.
 
Section 1
 
Points of Mutual Understanding on Climate Mitigation Actions
1. We acknowledge that global emissions should be capped at a level that will limit the
 
increase of global temperatures to less than 2 degrees Celsius.2. Current scientific understanding on climate change says that the maximum level of 
 
atmospheric carbon dioxide equivalents necessary to prevent this 2 degree C increase is
 
450 parts per million. However, as additional knowledge is discovered about the climate
 
system, we realize that this target of 450 ppm may be insufficient and need to be lowered
 
in order to prevent a 2 degree C rise.3. We agree to actively work to increase carbon sink capacity through reforestation
 
campaigns, and to encourage international collaboration on this effort through
 
mechanisms such as the REDD program.
 
 
Washington University in St. Louis, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, Missouri 63130-4899
4. We agree to collaborate in order to develop renewable energy, sustainable
 
transportation, and efficient building practices.5. We agree to move forward under the context of the Ad-hoc Working Group on Long-
 
Term Cooperative Action (AWG-LCA), and acknowledge that each nation shares
 
common goals but differentiated responsibilities.6. We agree to meet on an annual basis in order to reevaluate mitigation efforts and goals
 
under the context of the most recent climate science.7. Regarding Current Existing Actions:a. The United States should continue working towards achieving strong, domestic
 
climate change legislation. In the interim before this legislation, the United States
 
should curb its greenhouse gas emissions through the use of the Clean Air Act and
 
commitments by the autonomous governments of states, cities, and other
 
municipalities.b. China should reduce its carbon intensity per unit of GDP by 40 to 45 percent by
 
2020 from 2005 levels. In addition, China will transition 15 percent of its total power
 
mix to alternative energy sources by 2020.8. Regarding Future Actions:a. The United States should strive to pass comprehensive climate and energy
 
legislation by 2015. This legislation should meet specific scientific targets
 
recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and other
 
internationally respected scientific organizations.b. United States legislation should include an ambitious midterm carbon reduction
 
target for 2025.c. China should pledge to enact its own comprehensive climate change policy with a
 
specific long-term 2050 target if the United States passes comprehensive climate and
 
energy legislation by 2015. China’s policy should meet specific scientific targets
 
recommended by the IPCC and other internationally respected scientific
 
organizations.d. These policies, in tandem with international policies set by the rest of the
 
UNFCCC, should set a course for reaching 450 ppm by 2050. These comprehensive
 
policies should include final emissions targets, the year emission will peak, and
 
schedules to transition off of fossil fuels based energy and means of monitoring and
 
defining progress.
 
 
Washington University in St. Louis, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, Missouri 63130-4899
e. Each country acknowledges that this agreement should serve as a strong incentive
 
for cooperation and action, and should help to spur legislation from the complicated
 
U.S. political landscape.f. Each country acknowledges that these climate policies should not hurt China’s
 
ability to continue to develop sustainably.
 
Section 2Points of Mutual Understanding on Financial Assistance to aid Developing
 
Countries in Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change
1. The Parties hereby establish continued support of the following statements from the
 
Copenhagen Accord:
 
a. The prioritization of funding to least-developed countries (LDCs) and small-island
 
states.b. The establishment of the Green Climate Fund to begin at $10 Billion USD per year
 
from 2010-2012, increasing to $100 Billion USD per year by 2020.c. Common but differentiated responsibilities of each nation.d. The High-Level United Nations Advisory Board should continue its
 
responsibilities of supervising and distributing funds.2. Furthermore, we have agreed upon the following policies:
 
a. China along with other developing nations should be on the receiving list from the
 
Green Climate Fund after small-island states and least-developed countries.b. The United States should donate 20 percent of the Green Climate Fund.c. China should begin to donate to the Green Climate Fund once either of the
 
following two conditions will be met.i. China’s CO
2
emissions per capita or GDP per capita reaches a certain level.ii. China should begin donating after a certain time period.d. Clause 2 is contingent upon China’s transfer of finished green technology products
 
that are protected from reverse-engineering to least-developed countries.3. In regard to administering funding, we have agreed that public financing should be
 
prioritized over private financing. We also agree that there should be transparency in the
 
funding process.
 

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