The Democratic and Republican parties and independent political action.
Joanna Misnik, The Rainbow and the Democratic Party: New Politics Or Old?
Bill Fletcher and Danny Glover, "Visualizing a Neo-Rainbow" 
Peter Camejo, "The Avocado Declaration" 
Christopher Day, “Electoral Work as Part of Revolutionary Preparation” 
Joanna Misnik, “The Rainbow and theDemocratic Party— New Politics or Old?”
Full pamphlet is online at http://www.solidarity-us.org/current/rainbow1988This excerpt deletes sections “the Jackson Difference”, “A CriticalPerspective”, “Origins of the Groundswell for Jackson in the Black Community”, “Unequal Burden”, “Racist Attacks”, “Decline of the Militant Black Movement”, “Co-optation and Repression”,“The Movement’s Limits”, “The Rise of the Black Machine”, “FewConcessions”, “Philadelphia: A Case Study”, “Power Broker”,“Need for Mass Action”
III. The Rainbow Coalition
In reality, there are two Rainbow Coalitions, each with its own idea of the Rainbow's purpose. The "pragmatic" Jackson supporters areprimarily interested in strengthening their faction inside theDemocratic Party. The "radical" Rainbow forces are attempting toadvance progressive social movements through the Jackson campaign,with many hoping to provoke a fundamental realignment in U.S.politics.
One wing of the Rainbow is composed of those who focus exclusivelyon jockeying inside the Democratic Party trying to block its headlongrush to the right. This group is composed primarily of the Blackmachine and a handful of trade-union officials, almost none of whosenational unions have endorsed Jackson. The Black elected officials are the main force within the sector of theRainbow that is trying to push the Democratic Party back to itsundeserved image as the party of "the common people," the imagecrafted in Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal coalition. They arealarmed by how readily a Democratic-controlled House went along withReagan's supply-side game plan, forsaking the party's championship of big government and the welfare state. They wish to reassert their