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Table Of Contents

UTILIZATION OF ASHES WITHOUT ADDITIVES
AUTOCLAVEDPRODUCTS
ARTIFICIAL CONCRETE AGGREGATE
REFERENCES
CHEMICAL GYPSUMS
Phosphogypsums
FLUE GAS DESULPHURIZATION PRODUCTS
Fluidized Bed Desulphurization Products
Products from Other Desulphurization Installations
FLY ASH CHARACTERIZATION
Particle Size and Density of Fly Ash
Fresh Concrete
Hardened Concrete
DURABILITY
Freeze-Thaw Resistance
Alkali Aggregate Reaction
Steel Reinforcement Corrosion
Carbonation
OTHERS
Proper Disposal
Supplementary Binder
CLASSIFICATION OF RICE HUSK ASH
The Effect ofBurning Temperature
The Effect of Burning Time & Furnace Environment
ANALYSIS OF THE QUALITY OFRHA
Different Sources
Different Processes
PastelRHA Heat Evolution Curve
Microstructure of Hydrated Cement Paste with RHA
Hydration Mechanisms ofPaste with RHA
EARLY CHARACTERISTICS OF CONCRETE WITH RHA
The Workability ofFresh Concrete with RHA
The Setting Time of Concrete with RHA
The Reduction in the Permeability of Concrete
Resistance to Thermal Cracking
Resistance to Alkali-Aggregate Reactions
Resistance to Acidic Attack
Resistance to Corrosion ofSteel in Concrete
Resistance to Sulphate Attack
Resistance to Freezing and Thawing
Structure and Hydraulic Activity ofSlags
Hydration ofSlags
New Hydrate Formations in Slag Cements
Clinker-Based Slag Cement
Non-Clinker Slag Cement
Slag Alkaline Cements
Clinker-Based Slag Cement Concretes
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
RED MUD UTILIZATION
Introduction
Characteristics of Red Mud
Utilization in the Building Industry
Aggregates and Lightweight Elements
PHOSPHOGYPSUM UTILIZATION
Technologies of Wet Phosphoric Acid Production
Impurities in Phosphogypsum
Utilization ofPhosphogypsum
Other Directions ofPhosphogypsum Utilization
SUMl\fARY AND CONCLUSIONS
Scope ofthe Report
THE NATURE AND SOURCE OF LIGNINS
LIGNOSULPHONATES
USE OF LIGNOSULPHONATES IN CONCRETE
Mechanisms ofAction
Adsorption on Cement Particles and Electrical Repulsion
Rheological Aspects
Hydration Characteristics of Cement
Microstructure
PERFORMANCE IN CONCRETE
Setting Time
Air Content
Effect on Workability and Slump Loss
Cement Characteristics
Concrete Mix Proportions
Ambient Temperature
USE AS SUPERPLASTICIZERS
Development
Performance in Concrete
Applications in Concrete Containing Industrial Wastes
EFFECTS ON DURABILITY OF CONCRETE
CONCLUDING REMARKS
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
WASTE
Classification ofWastes
Types and Amounts of Wastes
Character of Wastes
Problems
Reduction ofAir Pollutants
Reduction ofDust
Reducing the Content ofHarmful Elements
Change of Control Level
Influence on Clinker Formation
Influence on the Character of Clinker
Amount of Clinker Minerals
Texture and Structure
Crystal Structure of Clinker Minerals
Synthetic Clinker Minerals
Minerals in Commercial Clinker
Magnesium
Sodium and Potassium
Titanium
Phosphorus
Fluorine
Chlorine
Chromium
Manganese
Zinc
Strontium
Barium
Other Trace Elements
Principles ofWaste Recycling
Expansion of Application Scope
Strict Control of Operation and Quality
Future Problems
SUMMARY
USE OF SILICA FUME IN CONCRETE
ORIGIN
SILICA FUMES AND SYNTHETIC SILICA
Silica Fumes
Properties ofSilica Fume
Synthetic Silica
EVOLUTION OF HYDROGEN
POZZOLANIC REACTIVITY, HYDRATION AND
MICROSTRUCTURE
Pozzolanic Reactivity and Hydration
DURABILITY PROPERTIES
Permeability
Sulfate Resistance
Alkali Silica Reaction
INTRODUCTION
LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE
PALM On.. SHELL AGGREGATE
Agricultural Waste
Palm Oil Industry
Palm Oil Shells
LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE USING PALM OIL SHELLS
Lightweight Aggregates
Compressive Strength
Flexural Strength
INDEX
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0815513933 Concrete Manufacturing

0815513933 Concrete Manufacturing

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Published by: kpgs_2008 on Dec 07, 2010
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