Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
4Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Bio Resources

Bio Resources

Ratings: (0)|Views: 437|Likes:
Published by Musbri Mohamed
Malaysia
Malaysia

More info:

Categories:Types, Business/Law
Published by: Musbri Mohamed on Dec 07, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PPT, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/26/2013

pdf

text

original

 
1
Universiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaFaculty of Law
Pursuing PHD Program in LawP58462
Musbri MohamedDIL; ADIL ( ITM )MBL ( UKM )
I
ntellectual Property and Trade : The
I
ssueof Control Over Bio-Resources.
 
2
Sincedecolonisation,ithasbeenagreedthatstateshavesovereignrightsove biologicalresources.Statescanrelativelyeasilycontroltheexploitationof resourcessuchascoal,silver,ironoreandgoldbutthisismuchmoredifficultinthecaseofbiologicalresources.Developingcountriesarethesourceo90%oftheworldsbio-resources.Yet,individualsorcompaniesfromdevelopedcountrieshold97%ofallbio-patents.
AsebeyandKempenaar
 pointout,µeventhemostconscientiouscorporationsalmostneveradheretotheircodesoconductinrelationswithdevelopingcountries.¶
 
3
I
n the last decades there has been a distinct shift in the way biological resources are viewed. What was a µnatural¶ resource,accessible to all, has now become an µeconomic¶ resource, to be privatised.
I
n this process, public property jointly held and nurtured by communities, is converted to a private property owned by a fewand withheld increasingly from the local communities.This shift can be seen in recent international and nationaldevelopments. Two major international agreements, the Agreementon µTrade-Related
I
ntellectual Property Rights¶ (TR 
I
PS) of the WTOand the United Nations µConvention on Biological Diversity¶(CBD), with mutually conflicting approaches, are now shaping thedomestic regimes of member states with respect to biologicalresources and associated indigenous knowledge. The Agreement onTR 
I
PS engenders privatisation of biological resources by allowing patents to be granted on biological materials and associatedindigenous knowledge, and the CBD acknowledges that localcommunities have rights over bio resources and indigenousknowledge.

Activity (4)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
Rahul Patil liked this
windua liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->