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Handout 3

Handout 3

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Published by: ramgopal_ch on Dec 07, 2010
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04/23/2011

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Communication Capstone Design
1
1 Convolutional Channel Coding
References:
Sklar,
Digital Communications,
Chapter 7, Sections 7.1 - 7.3
Proakis,
Contemporary Communication Systems,
Chapter 8,Section 8.3.2
1.1 The diagram
compositechannel
Ck (Lab 1)
+
equalizer
Gk (Lab 2)
ConvolutionalChannelEncoder (Lab 3)Viterbi ChannelDecoder(Lab 3)
Channel coding provides additional protection against ISI andfading
Code rate,
k/n
, measures the amount of added redundancy
We shall consider only the most commonly used binaryconvolutional encoders with
k
= 1
.
Electrical Engineering
 
Communication Capstone Design
2
1.2 Channel encoder and impulse response
Rate 1/2 convolutional encoder
k
= 1
,n
= 2
,
= 3
: constraint length (
lter length); each output bit is not onlya function of the current input bit, but also a function of the
1
bits that precede it.
exclusive modulo-2 operators
no block size in convolutional code (unlike block code)
Connection vectors:
g
1
= [1 1 1]
, and
g
2
= [1 0 1]
impulse response: the response of the encoder to a single 1-bitthat moves through it.
Electrical Engineering
 
Communication Capstone Design
3Example
Electrical Engineering

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