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Periodic Structures

Periodic Structures

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Published by Mohammad Tawfik
This book was written to guide researchers through the world of Periodic Structures ... however, it is still work in progress ... tell me what you think about it
This book was written to guide researchers through the world of Periodic Structures ... however, it is still work in progress ... tell me what you think about it

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Published by: Mohammad Tawfik on Dec 07, 2010
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Passive Vibration Attenuation
Viscoelastic Damping, Shunt Piezoelectric Patches, and Periodic Structures
Mohammad Tawfik 
 
Periodic Structures: A Passive Vibration Filter Periodic StructuresPassive Vibration Attenuation 2
Contents
1. Periodic Structures: A Passive Vibration Filter .................................................................................... 31.1. Periodic Structures ....................................................................................................................... 31.2. Literature Survey .......................................................................................................................... 31.3. Periodic Analysis .......................................................................................................................... 51.4. Periodic Bars ................................................................................................................................ 91.4.1. Forward approach for a periodic bar .................................................................................... 91.4.2. Reverse approach for a periodic bar ................................................................................... 121.4.3. Experimental Work ............................................................................................................. 131.5. Periodic Beams ........................................................................................................................... 141.5.1. Beams with Periodic Geometry .......................................................................................... 151.5.2. Experimental Work ............................................................................................................. 161.6. Propagation Surfaces for Periodic Plates ................................................................................... 211.6.1. Input-Output Relations ....................................................................................................... 221.6.2. Propagation Surfaces .......................................................................................................... 231.6.3. Constant angle curves ......................................................................................................... 251.6.4. Plates with Periodic Geometry ........................................................................................... 301.6.5. Experimental Work ............................................................................................................. 301.7. Effect of Shunted Piezoelectric Patches on Propagation Surfaces ............................................ 301.7.1. Propagation Surfaces for Coupled System .......................................................................... 301.8. Appendices ................................................................................................................................. 341.8.1. Appendix A .......................................................................................................................... 341.8.2. Nomenclature ..................................................................................................................... 371.9. References and Bibliography ..................................................................................................... 38
 
Periodic Structures: A Passive Vibration Filter Periodic StructuresPassive Vibration Attenuation 3
1.
 
Periodic Structures: A Passive Vibration Filter
1.1.
 
Periodic Structures
The first question that anyone may ask is: what is a Periodic Structure? The definition of a periodicstructure, according to Mead[
78], is that it is one that consists fundamentally of a number of identical substructure components that are joined together to form a continuous structure. Periodicstructures are seen in many engineering products, examples of periodic structures may includesatellite solar panels, railway tracks, aircraft fuselage, multistory buildings, etc
Following the above definition of periodic structure, there must be a distinction between differentsubstructures that defines the individual unit, that distinction or boundary will introduce a suddenchange in the properties of the structure. Two main types of discontinuities may be identifies,namely: geometric discontinuity and material discontinuity.Figure
1.1shown a sketch of the twodifferent types of discontinuities.(a) (b)
Figure
1.1. Types of discontinuities (a) Material discontinuity (b) Geometric dicontinuity
Recall what happens to a wave as it travelsthrough a boundary between two differentmedia; part of the light wave refracts inside thewater and another part reflects back into theair. Mechanical waves behave in a similar way
!
 Now, imagine a rod, as example of 1-Dstructures. As the wave propagates through therod, it faces a discontinuity in the structure. Apart of the wave reflects and another partpropagates into the new part. The reflectedpart of the wave will, definitely, interfere withthe incident wave.
Figure
1.2. Sketch of light wave behaviour whenincident on water surface
The interference between the incident and reflected waves will result, in some frequency band, indestructive interference. In the frequency band where destructive interference occurs, there will bereduced vibration level. This band is what we call
Stop-Band
. Stop bands are the center of interestfor the
 periodic analysis
of structures (see section 
1.3) 
1.2.
 
Literature Survey
In his paper, reviewing the research performed in the area of wave propagation in periodicstructures, Mead[
78]defined a periodic structure as a structure that consists fundamentally of anumber of identical structural components that are joined together to form a continuous structure.Examples of periodic structures can be seen in satellite solar panels, wings and fuselages of aircraft,

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