taxpayer. Biraogo assails Executive Order No. 1 for being violative of thelegislative power of Congress under Section 1, Article VI of the Constitution
as itusurps the constitutional authority of the legislature to create a public office and toappropriate funds therefor.
The second case, G.R. No. 193036, is
a special civil action for
and prohibition filed by petitioners Edcel C. Lagman, Rodolfo B. Albano Jr., SimeonA. Datumanong, and Orlando B. Fua, Sr.
as incumbentmembers of the House of Representatives.
The genesis of the foregoing cases can be traced to the events prior to thehistoric May 2010 elections, when then Senator Benigno Simeon Aquino IIIdeclared his staunch condemnation of graft and corruption with his slogan,
“Kung walang corrupt, walang mahirap.”
The Filipino people, convinced of his sincerityand of his ability to carry out this noble objective, catapulted the good senator tothe presidency.
To transform his campaign slogan into reality, President Aquino found aneed for a special body to investigate reported cases of graft and corruptionallegedly committed during the previous administration.
Thus, at the dawn of his administration, the President on July 30, 2010,signed Executive Order No. 1 establishing the
Philippine Truth Commission of 2010 (Truth Commission).
Pertinent provisions of said executive order read:
EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 1
CREATING THE PHILIPPINE TRUTH COMMISSION OF 2010
WHEREAS, Article XI, Section 1 of the 1987 Constitution of the Philippinessolemnly enshrines the principle that a public office is a public trust andmandates that public officers and employees, who are servants of the people,must at all times be accountable to the latter, serve them with utmostresponsibility, integrity, loyalty and efficiency, act with patriotism and justice,and lead modest lives;
WHEREAS, corruption is among the most despicable acts of defiance of this principle and notorious violation of this mandate;
WHEREAS, corruption is an evil and scourge which seriously affects thepolitical, economic, and social life of a nation; in a very special way it inflicts