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Brook 2001.pdf

Brook 2001.pdf

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Published by: Matias Ceballos Guzman on Dec 09, 2010
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03/27/2014

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Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 2001, 162(3), 357~374Risk Factors for Adolescent Marijuana Use Across Cultures and Across TimeJUDITH S. BROOK DAVID W. BROOK ORLANDO ARENCIBIA-MIRELES LINDA RICHTER MARTIN WHITEMANDepartment of Community and Preventive Medicine Mount Sinai School 0fMedieineABSTRACT. An integrated analysis of the data from 3 different studies was conducted to examine the early psychosocial predictors of later marijuana use among adolescents. Lon-gitudinal analysis of interview data was performed. The data used in the analysis were derived from (a) a sample of 739 predominantly White adolescents representative of the nonheastem United States, (b) a sample of l,l90 minority adolescents fromthe East Harlem section of New York City, and (c) a sample of 1,374 Colombian adolescents from two cities in Colombia, SouthAmerica. In 2 of the samples, participants were interviewed in their homes, and in the 3rd study, participants were assessed inschool. The predictors included a number of variables from (a) the personality domain, reflecting the adolescents’ conventionalityand intrapsychic functioning; (b) the family domain, representing the par-ent-child mutual attachment relationship and parental substance use; (c) the peer domain, reflecting the peer group`s delinquencyand substance use; and (d) the adolescents’ own use of legal drugs. The dependent variable was adolescent marijuana use. Theresults of the analysis demonstrated remarkable consistency in the risk and protective factors for later marijuana use across the3 samples, attesting to the robust nature of these predictors and their generalizability across gender, time, location, and ethnic/cultural background. These findings have important implications for designing intervention programs. Pro-grams aimed at preventing adolescent marijuana use can be designed to incorporate uni-versal features and still incorporate specific components that address the unique needs of adolescents from different groups.Key words: adolescence, culture, marijuana use, risk factorsIN THE PRESENT STUDY, we examined the consistency of research findings regarding the risk factors for adolescentmarijuana use in different cultures and across time by comparing the factors related to the development of marijuana use in threeexisting studies. The first study, “Childhood Etiologic Determinants of Adolescent Drug Use” (Childhood Etiologic Study), is a prospective, longitudi-nal study of children first interviewed in 1975 and followed up at five points in

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